The Perpetrator Studies Network has more than 200 members from all over the world. Click on a name to read more about the individual members:
Mario Ranalletti is an Argentinean historian, Professor at the Master and Doctorate Program in the Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero (Buenos Aires, Argentine). He holds a PhD in History from the Institut d’études politiques de Paris. His research revolves around the following topics: interdisciplinary and comparative approaches to mass crime and extreme violence (Argentina, Bosnia, and Indonesia); Catholicism and the making of perpetrators; perpetrators and extreme violence in contemporary cinema.
Selected journal publications:
“‘Jamás pensé que los argentinos serían tan locos’. La planificación de la recuperación de las islas Malvinas en 1982 frente al legado de la represión ilegal”, Amérika. Mémoires, identités, territoires, ERIMIT (Équipe de Recherches Interlangues: Mémoires, Identités, Territoires, EA 4327), n. 15, 2017.
“When death is not the end. Towards a typology of the treatment of the bodies of the ‘missings’ in Argentina, 1975-1983”, in: Elisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus (eds.), Destruction and human remains: Disposal and concealment in genocide and mass violence (Manchester, U of Manchester P, 2014): 146-179.
“Faire disparaitre une deuxième fois les ‘disparus’. Archives de la dictature et travail de l’historien en Argentine”, Revue Écrire l’histoire, n. 13-14 (2014): 1-19.
“Una aproximación a los fundamentos del terrorismo de Estado en Argentina: la recepción de la noción de ‘guerra revolucionaria’ en el ámbito castrense local (1954-1962)”, Anuario del Centro de Estudios Históricos “Prof. Carlos S. A. Segreti”, Córdoba, n. 11 (2013): 261-278.
“Un refuge pour ceux qui voulurent tuer le Général de Gaulle et la décolonisation : des soldats perdus de l’Algérie française en Argentine”, in: Maurice Vaïsse (ed.), De Gaulle et l’Amérique latine, Fondation Charles-de-Gaulle-Presses universitaires de Rennes (2014): 163-172.
“Dicho y no dicho, saber y no saber: El terrorismo de Estado en el primer cine argentino de la democracia (1983-1990)”, Actas del II Congreso Internacional “Historia, Literatura y Arte en el Cine en español y en portugués. De los orígenes a la revolución tecnológica del siglo XXI”, Centro de Estudios Brasileños-Universidad de Salamanca (2013): 243-253.
“Filmic writing of history in Argentine cinema (1983-1990)”, in: Robert A. Rosenstone, Constantin Parvulescu (eds.), A Companion to the Historical Film (Hoboken: Blackwell Publishing, 2013): 283-300.
“Aux origines du terrorisme d’État en Argentine (1955-1976)”, Vingtième siècle. Revue d’Histoire, Presses de la Fondation nationale de Sciences politiques, n. 105 (2010): 45-56.
“Contrainsurgencia, catolicismo intransigente y extremismo de derecha en la formación militar argentina. Influencias francesas en los orígenes del terrorismo de Estado (1955-1976)”, in: Feierstein, Daniel (ed.) Violencia política y genocidio en América latina (Buenos Aires: Prometeo libros, 2009): 253-284.
“La guerra de Argelia y la Argentina. Influencia e inmigración francesa desde 1945”, Anuario de Estudios Americanos 62.2 (2005): 285-308.
“The Past as Enemy in Argentine Cinema, 1983-2000”, in: Martin Löschnigg, Marzena Sokolowska-Paryz (eds.), The Enemy in Contemporary Film (Berlin: De Gruyter, 20180: 153-160.
Suren Manukyan is Deputy Director of the Armenian Genocide Museum & Institute (Yerevan, Armenia) and Chair of the Department of International Relations at Gladzor University (Yerevan, Armenia), as well as lecturer at the departments of History and Oriental Studies of Yerevan State University.
His current research focuses on the social-psychological dimension of the Armenian genocide. It is based on his Fulbright research project “The Sociology of Armenian Genocide: Perpetrators, Bystanders, and Rescuers vs. Victims, Survivors, and Betrayers” conducted at the Center for the Study of Genocide and Human Rights at Rutgers University, New Jersey.
He is a member of the International Association of Genocide Scholars and he was director of the IAGS’s twelfth conference “Comparative Analysis of 20th Century Genocides” (Yerevan, 8-12 July 2015)
He is the author of about 20 articles on genocide studies, among them several articles on perpetrators, mass participation, and dehumanization. His most recent publication is “Armenian Genocide: From May Declaration to Genocide Convention” in INTER-NEWS, The Newsletter of the Division of International Criminology of the American Society of Criminology, Spring/Summer 2015, Volume 41, 3-6 (link)
Kathrin Janzen is a researcher and doctoral candidate at the Institute of Contemporary History at the University of Vienna. She studied in Berlin and Amsterdam and holds a Master’s degree in Holocaust and Genocide Studies from the University of Amsterdam. In her dissertation project, she examines the perpetrators of the National Socialist “euthanasia” mass murder and focuses on the role of female perpetrators and private network structures. Beyond that, her research interests include the role of social media in cases of mass violence in the 21st century, propaganda research, National Socialism and memory culture.
Andrea Pető is Professor in the Department of Gender Studies at Central European University, Vienna, Austria, and a Doctor of Science of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. She is the author of 7 monographs, editor of 31 volumes, as well as 266 articles and chapters in books published in 23 languages. Her articles have appeared in leading journals including East European Politics and Society, Feminist Theory, NORA, Journal of Women’s History, European Journal of Women’s Studies, Clio, Baltic Worlds, European Politics and Society, International Women’s Studies Forum, The Journal of Intelligence History.
Her most recent publications include the monographs Forgotten Massacre: Budapest 1944. (DeGruyter, 2021) and The Women of the Arrow Cross Party. Invisible Hungarian Perpetrators in the Second World War. (Palgrave Macmillan, 2020); the co-authored book Political Justice in Budapest after WWII (2015) and the co-edited volume Gendered Wars, Gendered Memories: Feminist Conversation on War, Genocide and Political Violence (2016), as well as the edited volume on War in the Interdisciplinary Handbook: Gender series (Plagrave Macmillan, 2017).
Nick Warmuth is a PhD student in Comparative History at Central European University in Budapest. He holds an MA from King’s College London, where he wrote his thesis on juvenile delinquency in London during the Second World War. Since then, his interests have solidified into researching individual and group agencies under the nose of state authority. His current dissertation project seeks to question the validity of the totalitarian state model beyond that of an ideal-type concept, by applying a microhistorical case-study to the development and maintenance of social structures of prisoner hierarchy within the Nazi concentration camp, KZ Flossenbürg. His particular interest is focused on the so-called prisoner functionaries and their unique positions between authority and obedience, as well as simultaneously representing the characterization of victim and perpetrator.
He had a former career in a forensic psychiatric hospital, treating perpetrators who were unable to stand trial due to their psychopathology. His research interests are perpetrator treatment, deradicalization & disengagement, criminal psychology of collective violence and perpetrator presentation.
Some recent publications include “Accused for involvement in collective violence: The discursive reconstruction of agency and identity by perpetrators of international crimes” published in Political Psychology (2015) and “Repairing the harm of victims after violent conflict. Empirical findings from Serbia” published in the International Review of Victimology (2014). She is currently working at the Leuven Institute of Criminology on survey data collected in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia, focusing particularly on perceptions of non-judicial transitional justice measures related accountability, reparation and truth. This project aims to assess the relationships between support for various non-judicial transitional justice measures, for responsibility and victimhood attributions, and how these can lead to support for the role of agents or processes of transformation that are often assumed to promote or hinder reconciliation (e.g. politicians, NGOs, schools, media, as well as mutual acknowledgment of suffering).
Some recent publications include “Expérience je justice internationale: perception de domination par d’anciens dominants”, RQDI (2015) and a book on international prison law (Droit international de la détention, Helbing, L.G.D.J., 2015). Currently, he is working on interviews made with 60 people tried by ICTY and ICTR.
Website : http://www.uclouvain.be/damien.scalia
Frank Seberechts is head of the research department of the ADVN (Archives and Documentation Center of the Flemish Nationalism) in Antwerp, Belgium.
After studying history in Antwerp and Ghent, he completed his PhD at Ghent University (2001). He was a researcher at the ADVN (1986-1987, 2001-2004, 2008-now) and the CegeSoma (Centre for Historical Research and Documentation on War and Society) in Brussels from 2004-2008. Currently, he is associate researcher at the CegeSoma. Among his recent publications are Gewillig België. Overheid en Jodenvervolging tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog, (Antwerpen; Amsterdam; Brussel, 2007, with R. Van Doorslaer, E. Debruyne and N. Wouters), Leven in twee werelden. Belgische collaborateurs en de diaspora na de Tweede Wereldoorlog (Leuven, 2009, with F.-J. Verdoodt) and De weggevoerden van Mei 1940 (Antwerpen, 2014). He is currently preparing a publication on the (war) crimes by the Flemish Legion, Waffen SS, NSKK and OT during WWII.
Maria Visconti is a historian in the final year of her Ph.D. in History at the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) in Brazil. She has a Master’s degree in History at the same institution (2017), where she also has a graduate degree in History (2014), with a one-semester academic extension at Friedrich-Alexander University, in Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany (2013), with focus on Nazi Germany. She is the senior founder and coordinator of The Brazilian Center for Nazism and Holocaust Studies [NEPAT], an independent and totally feminine student initiative that helps to promote education and research of Nazism and the Holocaust in Brazil and beyond. She has been researching Nazism since 2012 and studied the Nazi resistance group White Rose for her Master’s degree. Her Ph.D. thesis is focused on the narratives of the Nazis who were judged in the Nuremberg Trials, thinking, above all, about the ways of behaving and presenting themselves in court. She aims to create a set of models of ways to avoid responsibility in post-war trials to better understand the narratives of these men in other trials. She has published articles in academic journals in Brazil about perpetrators’ self-representation in postwar trials, testimony writing in Art Spiegelman and Primo Levi, the Modernity as presented in TV-Series Black Mirror, and The White Rose group. Her main areas of interest are perpetrator narratives, postwar trials, and perpetrator representations in cinema.
Kjell Anderson is assistant professor at the Faculty of Law at the University of Manitoba. He is a jurist and social scientist specialised in the study of human rights, mass violence, and mass atrocities. He is the author of Perpetrating Genocide: A Criminological Account (Routledge 2019), and of The Dilemma of Dominic Ongwen: From Child Abductee to War Criminal (Rutgers University Press, 2020); and co-editor, with Erin Jessee, of Researching Perpetrators of Genocide (University of Wisconsin Press, 2020).
Anderson’s work experience encompasses advocacy for victims of torture and sexual violence in Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of Congo for FACT-Rwanda (Forum des Activistes Contre la Torture), leading the rule of law program at The Hague Institute for Global Justice, working at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights on indigenous issues, and acting as a legal researcher at the Special Court for Sierra Leone. He has also been a researcher in the Transitional Justice Program at the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust, and Genocide Studies (Amsterdam), and a visiting researcher in the Department of Sociology at the University of the South Pacific (Suva, Fiji) and at the National University of Juridical Sciences (Kolkata, India).
He holds PhD and LLM degrees in International Human Rights Law (from the National University of Ireland and Utrecht University, respectively), as well as MA and BA degrees in Conflict Studies (from Carleton University and the University of Saskatchewan).
His current research focuses on perpetrators of international crimes, the criminology of genocide, transitional justice, and the Dominic Ongwen trial at the International Criminal Court. Beyond legal and archival sources, his research has involved qualitative interviewing in the field. This includes, for example, interviewing perpetrators and victims of genocide and crimes against humanity in Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Bosnia, Cambodia, India, and Bangladesh. In 2016 Anderson was part of a fact-finding mission on Islamic State atrocities against minorities. As part of a team of researchers he visited sites of violence in northern Iraq and interviewed victims from the Yazidi, Christian, and Shia communities.
Michael Pitblado is a doctoral candidate in the Faculty of Education at Queen’s University in Kingston, Canada. He specializes in curriculum theory, history teaching, and Holocaust and genocide education. His dissertation research is a multiple case study examination of how history teachers approach teaching about the perpetrators of the Holocaust. He has presented his work at the Holocaust Educational Foundation’s Lessons & Legacies conference, the conference of the Association for Moral Education at Harvard University, and was a 2012 Fellow of the Holocaust Educational Foundation’s Summer Institute on the Holocaust and Jewish Civilization at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. As an educator, Michael has extensive experience teaching the history of Nazi Germany and the Holocaust at both the secondary and post-secondary levels. Currently, he teaches high school history at Leahurst College in Kingston where he offers a course called Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity.
Daniela Jara is currently Postdoctoral Fellow at Universidad Andrés Bello, Chile, and Adjunct Researcher at the Centro de Estudios de Conflicto y Cohesión Social (COES), in Santiago, Chile, investigating the cultural representations of perpetrators during the post-dictatorship in Chile. She received her PhD in Sociology at Goldsmiths, University of London, UK, in 2014. In 2016 she published her monograph, Children and the Afterlife of State Violence. Memories of Dictatorship (Palgrave Mcmillan). Her other publications include “A propósito del Museo de la Memoria: El debate de los historiadores y el uso reflexivo de la historia” in Revista Observatorio Cultural, and “The aftermath of violence: The Post-coup second generation in Chile” in Peripheral Memories: Public and Private Forms of Experiencing and Narrating the Past.
Maria-Teresa Pinto is a lecturer (profesor asistente) in research methods and Colombian civil war at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia (Bogota). She is currently pursuing a PhD at the University of Bristol. Her research focuses on how the past about the Colombian war is being confronted in a conflict resolution setting (for example the current work of the Historical Commission of the Conflict and its Victims in Columbia). She is also a researcher in the project “PEACE FESTIVAL: Creative Methodologies for Unearthing Hidden War Stories” (http://www.paccsresearch.org.uk/peace-festival/), which is being conducted at the University of Bristol together with the Partnership for Conflict, Crime and Security Research (PaCCS). For her research she has interviewed Colombian guerrillas and paramilitaries as well as victims and intellectuals.
Hans Lauge Hansen is Professor MSO of Spanish at Aarhus University, Denmark. He is specialized in the topic of memory studies, contemporary narrative modes and their contribution to the construction of cultural communities. He was the director of the collective research project La memoria novelada on the Spanish novel on the Civil War and Francoism written after the turn of the Millennium, and he is a work package leader in the Horizon 2020 project “Unsettling Remembering and Social Cohesion in Transnational Europe” (UNREST). Some recent publications: ‘On Agonistic Memory’, Memory Studies (web-publication ahead of print), co-authored with A. Cento Bull; ‘Modes of Remembering in the Spanish Memory Novel’, Orbis Litterarum forthcoming 2016; La memoria novelada III: Memoria transnacional y anhelos de justicia, 2015 co-edited with J. C. Cruz Suárez and A. Sánchez Cuervo, Peter Lang 2015, and Conflictos de la memoria – Memoria de los conflictos, co-edited with L. Cecchini, Museum Tusculanum Press, 2013.
Barbara Kowalczuk is professeur certifié at Bordeaux University, France. She holds a PhD in Anglophone Studies from Bordeaux Montaigne University (Tim O’Brien. L’Écriture de la hantise/Writing on What Haunts, 2016). She has published peer-reviewed articles in edited collections and journals such as War, Literature and the Arts (WLA), PsyArt and Sillages Critiques.
She explores the representation of violence in American literature and visual arts (19th-21st centuries). Her cross-disciplinary research comprises war studies, perpetrator studies, trauma studies and the anthropology of combat. She focuses on the ethics of war to examine issues related to the psychology of massacre. Her interests include the brutalization and brutality of combatants in the first and second world wars, the wars in Vietnam, Iraq and Afghanistan; individual and collective war crimes and accountability; perpetrator and postwar testimonies; chemical warfare, ecocide and animal ethics during armed conflicts.
Her current research project concentrates on the specificities of war trauma, moral injury and moral affront.
Eva Mona Altmann holds a PhD (magna cum laude) in Romance Languages and Literature and a diploma in Literary Translation from Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf. Her dissertation was published as Das Unsagbare verschweigen. Holocaust-Literatur aus Täterperspektive. Eine interdisziplinäre Textanalyse. (Transcript, 2021). The title could be translated to English as “To conceal the Unspeakable. Holocaust Literature from the Perpetrator Point of View. An Interdisciplinary Text Analysis”. Alongside an extensive topical research review it offers an innovative interdisciplinary scheme for text analysis that incorporates the specific rhetoric of perpetrators, the management of empathy, sympathy and antipathy as well as the intrinsic possibility of deconstructing the perpetrator discourse by the literary mode of unreliable narration.
Kristine Avram is a PhD Candidate and lecturer at the Centre for Conflict Studies at Philipps University Marburg. Her doctoral research focuses on the ascription of individual criminal responsibility in the aftermath of collective violence and repression, and its impact on societal discussions of guilt and responsibility for past crimes. In particular, it examines how individual responsibility is ascribed in the proceedings of a trial and resulting judgments, and how this relates to accounts of victims, perpetrators and other societal actors groups. Romania and Ethiopia serve as case studies.
Her further research deals with the conceptualization of social narratives of responsibility in collective accounts of the past. She is also a research assistant at Käte Hamburger Kolleg/ Centre for Global Cooperation Research at the University of Duisburg‐Essen, where she works on topics related to international relations and transnational cooperation such as e.g. migration. Kristine Avram studied in Germany, Spain, and Israel and holds a BA in Communication and Romance Studies and an MA in Peace and Conflict Studies.
Gerd Bayer teaches English literature and culture at the Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg. In addition to pursuing research interests in early modern prose fiction and contemporary British literature and culture, he is the co-editor of Literatur und Holocaust (2009, with Rudolf Freiburg) and of Holocaust Cinema in the Twenty-First Century: Images, Memory and the Ethics of Representation (2015, with Oleksandr Kobrynskyy). He has also published on trauma fiction and film and is currently editing a special issue on Holocaust film for the journal Holocaust Studies. As an associate editor of the Journal of Postcolonial Writing he is also invested in the representation of perpetrators in (post)colonial settings.
Roberta Caldas is a PhD candidate and a journalist with a Bachelor’s degree in Social Communications and a Master’s degree in World Heritage Studies. She is currently on her first year as a doctoral student at BTU Cottbus-Senftenberg where she researches the use of personal stories to interpret uncomfortable heritage. Her main study case is the victims of the Berlin Wall and how their stories are and can be used in the urban space to interpret the history behind the Berlin Wall. For her Master’s thesis, she researched the communication and interpretation of the East Side Gallery, the longest remaining stretch of the Berlin Wall. She is the founder of the gowalkthetalk.org platform, a blog and podcast about Berlin’s everyday heritage.
Ger Duijzings is Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Regensburg, and one of the Principal Investigators of the Graduate School for East and Southeast European Studies (LMU Munich and University of Regensburg). Between 1986 and 1992 he did extensive fieldwork (as a postgraduate student) in the former Yugoslavia. He holds a PhD in Anthropology from the University of Amsterdam, published as Religion and the Politics of Identity in Kosovo (Hurst, 2000). Between 1996 and 2014 he was employed at the UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies (SSEES) in London, working particularly on the former Yugoslavia and Romania. He was also a member of the Srebrenica Research Team of the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies (1997-2002), carrying out micro-historical research on the local dynamics of war in eastern Bosnia. He published a monograph (Geschiedenis en herinnering in Oost-Bosnië, Boom, 2002) which was an annex to the main report, as well as two chapters in the main NIOD report on the humanitarian and political situation in the besieged Srebrenica enclave and UN Safe Area during the war.
After completion of the NIOD report, he continued to explore the aftermath of the Srebrenica massacre, in a volume he co-edited (with Xavier Bougarel and Elissa Helms): The New Bosnian Mosaic: Identities, Memories and Moral Claims in a Post-War Society (Ashgate 2007). Between 2002 and 2004, he was researcher and expert witness for the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia of the United Nations, working on cases related to the Kosovo Liberation Army. Since his move to Germany in 2014, he has started researching the perpetrators of the Srebrenica genocide, mainly using transcripts of the Srebrenica related cases at the ICTY.
Zachary J. Goldberg is currently Principal Investigator of the DFG Research Grant “Components of Evil: An Analysis of Secular Moral Evil and its Normative and Social Implications” in the Department of Philosophy at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. Prior to taking up this position he was Postdoc in Normative Ethics at Universität Regensburg. He holds a Ph.D. in philosophy from Arizona State University, a M.A. in philosophy from Stony Brook University, and a B.A. summa cum laude in philosophy from Emory University. His research and publications focus on the metaethical status and normative significance of moral secular evil, individual and collective responsibility for acts of evil, the moral psychology of perpetrators of evil, and the moral and political basis of redress for historical injustice. He is the editor of Midwest Studies in Philosophy XXXVI: The Concept of Evil (Wiley Blackwell, 2012) and Reflections on Ethics and Responsibility: Essays in Honor of Peter A. French (Springer, 2017). In 2015 the Forschungsinstitut für Philosophie Hannover awarded their first-place medal to his article entitled “Evil, ‘Evil’, and Taking Responsibility”.
Niklas Kammermeier is a PhD candidate at the research training group „Documentary Practices. Excess and Privation“ at Ruhr University Bochum. Since his bachelor thesis about Joshua Oppenheimer’s The Act of Killing and his master thesis about reenactments in documentary films, he is particularly interested in the documentary representation of perpetrator appearances. His PhD project deals with ‚perpetrator performances’ and examines the aesthetic and discursive effects of self-presenting perpetrators in documentary films and post-cinematic stagings.
Sarah Kleinmann is a research assistant for the project “Encyclopaedia of the Nazi Genocide of the Sinti and Roma in Europa” at the Research Centre on Antigypsyism, Heidelberg University. She holds an MA in Historical and Cultural Anthropology, Political Science, and History from the Eberhard Karls University Tuebingen, Germany, and a Ph.D. in Historical and Cultural Anthropology from the Eberhard Karls University Tuebingen, Germany. In her dissertation, she analyzed the museum representation of male and female Nazi perpetrators in Germany and Austria. Her research focuses on cultures of memory of National Socialist crimes, anti-Semitism, antigypsyism, border spaces and social perspectives on crime and deviance. She is a member of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Volkskunde, the Société Internationale d’Ethnologie et de Folklore and the German Sociological Association.
Eva Lettermann teaches History and German at the Grabbe-Gymnasium in Detmold, Germany. She also trains history teachers at the Zentrum für Schulpraktische Lehrerausbildung Detmold (Detmold teacher training center). In 2007, her school established an exchange programme with the High School in Maccabim-Re’ut. Since March 2015, her school has been partnered with the International School for Holocaust Studies, Yad Vashem. Eva is a member of the network „Erziehung nach Auschwitz“ (Education after Auschwitz) at the Bezirksregierung Münster.
She is especially interested in the topic of „Teaching about Perpetrators“ since this is the focus of her dissertation, „Historical Learning about the Shoah through Perpetrators’ Profiles“, which she is currently completing at the University of Paderborn.
Thomas Lutz is the head of the Memorial Museums Department of the Topography of Terror Foundation in Berlin, and he is actively involved in Holocaust education and commemoration at the national and international level.
Since 1984 he has been working in the Berlin office of Action Reconciliation Service for Peace (ARSP) in the Memorial Museums Department, which coordinates the work of memorial sites, especially those with a focus on the recognition and documentation of Holocaust victims. His assignment also includes the advising of governments, parliaments, and non-governmental-organizations. Since 1992 he has been working in the same capacity for the Topography of Terror Foundation in Berlin. Thomas Lutz is chairman of the international board of the Brandenburg Memorial Foundation. He is also the manager of the Working Group Concentration Camp Memorials in Germany.
On an international level he is the co-founder and current vice-president of the International Committee of Memorial Museums in Remembrance of the Victims of Public Crimes (ICMEMO), which operates under the International Committee of the International Council of Museums (ICOM). Since 2000 he has been one of the German delegates of the Task Force for International Cooperation on Holocaust Education, Remembrance, and Research (ITF) to which currently 33 countries are contributing. He was twice chairman of the foundation of Memorials and Museums Working Group of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA).
He is the author of numerous books and articles, and he is the editor of the quarterly newsletter Gedenkstättenrundbrief, and of the online Gedenkstättenforum (forum for sites of memory). He is the co-editor, with Corry Guttstadt, Bernd Rother, and Yessica San Román, of Bystanders, Rescuers or Perpetrators? The Neutral Countries and the Shoah, IHRA-Series, Volume 2 (Berlin 2016); with Elke Gryglewski, Verena Haug, Gottfried Kößler, and Christa Schikorra, of Gedenkstättenpädagogik. Kontext, Theorie und Praxis der Bildungsarbeit zu NS-Verbrechen (Berlin 2015); and, with David Silberklang, Piotr Trojanski, Juliane Wetzel, and Miriam Bistrovic, of Killing Sites – Research and Remembrance, IHRA-series, Volume 1 (Berlin 2015).
Christina Morina is Professor of General History with a particular focus on Contemporary History at the University of Bielefeld.
From 2015 to 2019, she worked as DAAD Visiting Assistant Professor at the Duitsland Instituut Amsterdam. She also worked as lecturer at the University of Jena and was a research fellow at the Jena Center 20th Century History. Christina studied history, journalism and political science at the universities in Leipzig, Ohio and Maryland. She received her PhD from the University of Maryland in 2007. Her dissertation was published by Cambridge University Press in 2011 as Legacies of Stalingrad: Remembering the Eastern Front War in Germany since 1945 (paperback 2013). In 2017, she published her second monograph (Habilitation) entiteld Die Erfindung des Marxismus. Wie eine Idee die Welt eroberte (München: Siedler). In February 2019, she published Zur rechten Zeit. Wider die Rückkehr das Nationalismus (Berlin: Ullstein, 2019, with Norbert Frei, Franka Maubach and Maik Tändler).
Her research focuses on major themes in 19th and 20th century German and European history, particularly the history and memory of World War II and the Holocaust, Jewish and bystander diaries; the history of socialism, Marxism and communism; political culture in Germany since 1945, and the history of historiography.
Exploring the history of postwar Zeitgeschichte from an innovative perspective, Christina is also the co-editor of a collected volume on the nexus between biography and historiography amongst historians in divided Germany (Das 20. Jahrhundert erzählen. Zeiterfahrung und Zeiterforschung im geteilten Deutschland (Göttingen: Wallstein, 2016, with Franka Maubach). The book is the outcome of the DFG-funded research network, which she co-directed from 2011 to 2014. She is the editor, with Krijn Thijs, of Probing the Limits of Categorization. The Bystander in Holocaust History (Berghahn Books 2018). Most recently, she set out to develop an interdisciplinary, transnational research cooperation on Memory and Populism, focusing especially on the reception and resonance of populist ideas among voters in Germany, Europe and the US.
Bernhard Pirkl holds a master’s degree in Literary Translation from the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, where he was also part of the graduate school Globalization and Literature: Representations, Transformations, Interventions. His research interest lies in the fictionalizations of the perpetrator perspective in Holocaust literature and their significance for a global memory culture and an emergent “cosmopolitan memory”.
Katarina Ristić is a research associate in International Security and Conflict Studies at Helmut-Schmidt University/The University of the Federal Armed Forces in Hamburg. She obtained a PhD from the Faculty of History, Arts and Oriental Studies, at the University Leipzig. Her first monograph, Imaginary trials – War Crime Trials and Memory in former Yugoslavia (2014, Leipziger Universitätsverlag) deals with a media portrayal of six ICTY trials in Croatia, Bosnia and Serbia. Her research interests include transitional justice, memory, and media, currently focusing on multimodal analysis of TV news and Documentaries in transitional justice context. She is a member of the Historical Dialogues, Justice, and Memory Network.
Grzegorz Rossoliński-Liebe is a researcher and lecturer at the Freie Universität Berlin. He studied at the Viadrina European University and holds a PhD in history from the University of Hamburg. He published the first scholarly biography of the Ukrainian fascist politician Stepan Bandera (2014). He also published two books, several articles, and edited three volumes. He was a fellow of the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation, Polin Museum of the History of Polish Jews, the Gerda Henkel Stiftung, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, the Fritz Thyssen Stiftung, the Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Shoah, and the Yad Vashem International Institute for Holocaust Research. Currently he researches the history of the Polish city mayors in the General Government and the Polish collaboration with the German occupiers in WWII. His areas of expertise are history of the Holocaust, history of fascism, history of antisemitism, and history of genocides and global violence.
Baijayanti Roy completed her Phd in 2014 from Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main. Her thesis, which will be shortly published as a book, is on Albert Speer, Hitler’s architect and later minister for Armament. The thesis shows how Speer, who acquired the image of being the ‘gentleman Nazi’ after the war, had strategically manipulated or suppressed his role as a perpetrator in Third Reich’s crimes against humanity. Roy is currently associated with the History of Sciences (Wissenschaftsgeschichte) at Goethe University, Frankfurt. Her present research focuses on the role of German Indologists in cultivating anti-Semitic ideas in academia and more specifically, the complicity of German Indological scholars in various aspects of National Socialist politics.
Lena Seauve holds a PhD in French Literature from the Humboldt-University in Berlin where she was a research assistant and lecturer. She is currently leading her own research project (DFG-funded) at the Center for Latin American Studies (LAI) at the Freie Universität Berlin: “Perpetrator perspectives. Emotionalization as a narrative strategy in contemporary French and Latin American novels about politically and ethnically motivated violence”. (https://gepris.dfg.de/gepris/projekt/462382284)
The aim of her project is to define the emotionalization of readers trough narratives from perpetrator perspectives as a narrative strategy. This strategy will be analyzed using a corpus of contemporary French and Latin American (Cono Sur) novels from the turn of the millennium onwards, which fictionalize historical cases of politically and ethnically motivated violence from the 20th/ 21st centuries.
Link to her homepage, including publications:
Cornelia Thiele works as a freelance curator of historical and cultural-historical exhibitions. She holds a Master of Arts in Contemporary History, Sociology, and Gender Studies from Humboldt-University Berlin. She specializes in the history of the GDR with a particular focus on memory culture and national identity. Her master thesis was about the gender specifics of the official memory culture of the GDR using the example of the Ravensbrück National Memorial. She is writing her PhD thesis about German Intellectuals and the German Question 1980-2000 at Rostock University. In her PhD thesis, she explores questions of change in the political role and impact of intellectuals in Germany after the reunification and during the nation building process in the 1990s.
Cornelia Thiele worked for the Berlin Wall Memorial at Bernauer Straße in Berlin. She was member of the curator team developing the exhibition Berlin 1961 I 1989 about daily life in Berlin during the Cold War that opened on 9th November 2014. In the summer of 2015 she coordinated the online exhibition www.risiko-freiheit.de about people who helped refugees escape from the GDR for the Marienfelde Refugee Center Museum. Right now, she is working on a new exhibition about the history of the German border in Mödlareuth. It is the story of a small village at the Thuringian-Bavarian border that was divided by a concrete wall from 1966 until 1989 and is better known as Little Berlin.
Timothy Williams is junior professor of Insecurity and Social Order at the Bundeswehr Universität in Munich. His research and teaching focus on insecurity and social order by interrogating violent processes and dynamics during the violence itself as well as how these are remembered. In particular, his research focuses on dynamics at the micro-level, for example asking why people participate in genocide, how victims perceive justice in transitional justice processes after violence, or how the roles of perpetrator, victim and hero are ascribed in the memory of violence. Timothy Williams’ research is empirical and builds on data collected in extensive field research. Regionally, he specializes in violence in Southeast Asia, in particular Cambodia, but has a broader comparative research interest.
After studying political science in Mannheim and comparative politics at the London School of Economics, Timothy Williams completed his PhD at the Centre for Conflict Studies of Marburg University. His PhD has since been acknowledged with two awards, one by the university of Marburg, the other by the German Peace Psychologist Association. He was also a postdoc and project leader of various projects at the Centre for Conflict Studies in Marburg before he moved to the Bundeswehr University Munich. Timothy Williams is a member of the executive board of the International Association of Genocide Scholars and is section editor of the Journal of Perpetrator Research. He is the author of The Complexity of Evil. Perpetration and Genocide (Rutgers University Press, 2021) and editor, with Susanne Buckley-Zistel, of Perpetrators and Perpetration of Mass Violence. Dynamics, Motivations and Concepts. (Routledge, 2018). He has also published numerous articles in peer-reviewed journals and edited collections.
Personal website: http://timothywilliams.de
Andrea Timár is senior lecturer at the English Department of Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), Budapest, Hungary. In 2019/20, she is senior research fellow at the Institute for Advanced Studies, Central European University, working on a project entitled “Dehumanisation in Literature: the Figure of the Perpetrator”. She is interested in the ways in which perpetrators of dehumanisation (but not necessarily of genocides or mass killings) are represented in literature from the 18th century to the present. Her previous research focused on what it meant to be human for the poet, philosopher, and critic Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834). Her monograph, A Modern Coleridge.Cultivation, Addiction, Habits (Palgrave, 2015; paperback: 2017), was nominated for the First Book Prize by the British Association for Romantic Studies.
Khushboo Chauhan is currently a doctoral candidate at the Centre for the Study of Law and Governance, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. Her thesis aims to study genocide through the conjoint lenses of law, politics and history. Her intention is to investigate how the different discourses (legal, political and historic) give meanings, definitions and understanding to the term genocide and even the Holocaust and how they are used to and condition (or limit and restrict or contribute) the practical fulfilment of human rights in relation to the issue of genocide. The thesis also aims to examine the discrepancy between international law, international politics, and history in relation to the issue of genocide from the Holocaust onwards.
She has also been awarded a M. Phil. Degree (JNU), where she worked on a dissertation focussing on local governance, civil society and rural health. Her dissertation for completion of the LL.M. degree in International Law focussed on the role of the International Court of Justice in the development of the Law of the Seas. She also holds a LL. B. degree from Himachal Pradesh University and a B.A.in Political Science and Psychology from St. Bede’s College, Shimla. Her research interests include Law specially Public and Private International Law, Law of the Sea, International Organisations, Human rights, Genocide studies, International politics, Public Policy and Governance with emphasis on it’s legal dimensions, decentralization, global governance and civil society.
Elham Fatma obtained her PhD in April 2021 from the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences at the Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IITR). Her doctoral thesis is entitled “Paradise and Pain: Women & Trauma in Select Contemporary Kashmiri Fictions.” It argues against western trauma theorists’ hegemonic interpretations of trauma and explains how the thematic concerns and narrative methods of the chosen Kashmiri authors’ fictional works contribute to expanding the scope of trauma studies. It provides new insights into the cultural, social, and psychological trauma that migrated Kashmiri Pandit women, half-widows, and half-mothers living in the Kashmir Valley suffer.
She served as an Assistant Professor/Guest Faculty (English) at the Dept. of English, Aligarh Muslim University, India, before enrolling in the PhD program at IIT Roorkee. She completed her M.A. in English from the same department and was awarded a gold medal. She received a Fulbright Scholarship to study at Davis & Elkins College in Elkins, West Virginia, USA at an undergraduate-level. She also has a number of scholarships to her credit.
Trauma Literature, Theory, and Criticism; Memory Studies; Religious Trauma; South Asian trauma literature; and Anglophone Kashmiri literature are among her research interests. Her publications include articles on various aspects of trauma studies that have been published by Routledge and are now being reviewed. She has given talks at some of the world’s prestigious universities, including Cambridge, Oxford, and Hamburg. She has just started doing research on Rohingya Muslims’ displacement trauma and the obstacles they face as refugees. She is also working on a manuscript about trauma in the twenty-first century.
Mohammed Sirajuddeen is a political scientist. He holds a PhD from the Centre for Political Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi. His doctoral thesis is a comparative analysis of the political discourses and state practices in Jammu & Kashmir and Chhattisgarh. While looking into the political history of the conflicts, the project throws light on various aspects of structural violence, informal violence by vigilante gangs, and also the trajectories of ‘militancy and its politics’.
Guido Bartolini (BA/MA Florence; Mst Oxford; PhD Royal Holloway University of London) is a cultural historian and literary scholar specialised in the Italian memory of Fascism and World War II. He is currently working as a Government of Ireland Postdoctoral Fellow at University College Cork (UCC), where he carries out research on the memory and responsibility for Fascism in Italian literature and cinema funded by the Irish Research Council.
Dr Bartolini is the author of The Italian Literature of the Axis War: Memories of Self-Absolution and the Quest for Responsibility (Palgrave, 2021). He curated and organised online seminar series of memory studies, i.e. the interdisciplinary seminar series ‘Mediated Memories of Responsibility’ hosted by the Centre for the Study of Cultural Memory of IMLR and the series ‘Cultural Memory of Past Dictatorships: Narratives of Implication in a Global Perspective’ hosted by UCC. Dr Bartolini obtained a Master’s degree at University of Oxford and a PhD at Royal Holloway University of London. Before moving to University College Cork, he lectured at Royal Holloway and the Warburg Institute.
Cara Levey (PhD University of Leeds, MA London, BA University of Leeds) is a Lecturer in Latin American Studies at University College Cork. Her main research interests lie in Latin American human rights, memory and justice and the activism and cultural production related to these themes. Much of her work to date has focused on the relationship between memorialisation and justice and the role of state and society in the construction and completion of “sites of memory” (including marches, memorials and museums).
She has published widely on this topic in Journal of Romance Studies, Latin American Perspectives and Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies. A monograph entitled ‘Fragile Memory, Shifting Impunity: Commemoration and Contestation in Post-dictatorship Argentina and Uruguay’ will be published in 2016 as part of Peter Lang’s Cultural Memory series. She is also interested in questions of identity and memory in the 1.5/second generation and has recently published a piece on postmemory in Uruguay in History and Memory. Her next major research project will look at the place for perpetrators in commemoration in Argentina and Uruguay, an area that has been neglected in the Southern Cone.
See departmental website for full list of publications http://research.ucc.ie/profiles/A018/clevey
Her research interests are in the fields of Film Studies, Holocaust Studies, Perpetrator Studies and Gender Studies. Ingrid Lewis is also one of the twelve international researchers chosen for the first EHRI (European Holocaust Research Infrastructure) summer school in Holocaust Studies held in July 2013 at the Shoah Memorial in Paris, France. In June 2015 she was a fellow for the 20th Annual Summer Institute organised by the Holocaust Educational Foundation of Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, USA.
She is the author of ‘Ordinary Women’ as Perpetrators in European Holocaust Films (2015) published by Palgrave Macmillan in the volume Revisiting Holocaust Representation in the Post-Witness Era edited by Diana I. Popescu and Tanja Schult.
Efrat Even-tzur is a Phd candidate at the School of Psychological Sciences, Tel Aviv University, and a fellow of the Minerva Humanities Center at Tel Aviv University. She is also a child psychologist, with an MA degree earned from the Hebrew University, Jerusalem.
In her research she explores the meeting points between the psychoanalytical, the political, and the ethical in a multidisciplinary manner. Her doctoral work deals with psychoanalytic perspectives on perpetrators of socially legitimized violence, with a specific interest in the violence inherent to parenting practices on the one hand, and to soldiering and policing practices (in Israel/Paelstine and in general) on the other.
Raya Morag is Associate Professor of Cinema Studies and Head of The Smart Family Institute of Communications at the Department of Communication and Journalism at The Hebrew University, Mount Scopus in Jerusalem, Israel. Her research and publications deal with post-traumatic cinema and ethics; cinema, war, and masculinity; perpetrator trauma; documentary cinema; New German Cinema; Vietnam War films; Israeli and Palestinian second Intifada cinema; perpetrator cinema; and corporeal-feminist film critique.
She is the author of: Defeated Masculinity: Post-Traumatic Cinema in the Aftermath of War (Peter Lang, 2009); The Defeated Male. Cinema, Trauma, War (Koebner Series, Jerusalem, and Resling, Tel Aviv, 2011, in Hebrew) and Waltzing with Bashir: Perpetrator Trauma and Cinema (I.B. Tauris, London and New York, 2013). Morag is a Guest Editor for Studies in Documentary Film’s special issue on Israeli Documentary Cinema (Volume 6, Issue 3, April 2012). Published by Intellect Books, the edition can be found at: http://www.intellectbooks.co.uk/journals/view-issue,id=2396/.
Her work has appeared in such journals as Cinema Journal, Camera Obscura, The Communication Review, Journal of Film & Video, International Journal of Communication, and Framework. Her current research projects focus on the perpetrator figure and societal trauma in cinema, and the New Cambodian Cinema.
Jessica Nevo, Argentinian, sociologist, TJ researcher and practitioner, migrated to Israel/Palestine in 1978 during the military regime there. Since 1984 she has been integrating her activism and research as a member of civil society groups and initiatives connected to gender, restorative and transformative justice, including Women in Black, the Rape Crisis Center, educational interventions with Palestinian and Israelis, social work and feminist studies, migration, refugees, and labor rights. Most recently, she has been advancing a pre-transitional justice model at Zochrot (an NGO promoting acknowledgement and responsibility for the Nakba). In this framework, she coordinates a unique project on testimonies of perpetrators, Jewish fighters and their families, and is currently in the process of mapping perpetrators’ testimonies and confessions as part of official and unofficial mechanisms of transitional justice.
“My personal experience of being born in Argentina provided me the first lessons on Truth and Memory mechanisms: Mothers of Plaza de Mayo demonstrations, the first ever “truth commission”- the Argentinian CONADEP – and the disappearance of members of my family by the military forces in those years. During a Hubert Humphrey Fellowship at Rutgers University (U.S.) in 2002-2003, I worked as an intern at the International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ) and researched, lectured and published the article: “Transitional Justice Models and their Applicability to the Zionist-Palestinian Conflict”. For the last 10 years I have been further studying and researching transitional and restorative justice and its interrelations with gender perspectives. Inspired by the Truth Commission model I initiated a first of its kind “Women’s Testimonies Tribunal” focused on mass gender violence took place in the summer of 2013.”
Iara Meloni is a Ph.D. candidate in History at the University of Milan. She holds a Master’s degree in History from the University of Bologna, and a post graduate specialization in Public History from the University of Modena. She has been researching Italian Fascism and the Italian Resistance, particularly in relation to questions of gender. Her Ph.D. dissertation focuses on the Corti di Assise straordinarie (CAS), special temporary courts established after the liberation of Italy to deal with military and political collaboration during the second World War. Specifically the research project focuses on the narratives of Fascist defendants (such as soldiers and public officials from the Italian Social Republic, civilian informants, editors of pro-Nazi newspapers and judges of fascist special tribunals), and on the role of the Allied Military Government in postwar transitional justice.
Stéphanie Benzaquen is an art historian. She holds a PhD from the Centre for Historical Culture, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands. She received master’s and bachelor’s degrees in art history from the Université La Sorbonne Paris I in 1997. She also works as curator and has organized exhibitions and projects in Israel, France, Germany, Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, and Thailand. She is a recipient of a Leon Milman Memorial Fellowship at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington DC (2012), a recipient of a fellowship at the Stone Summer Theory Institute at the School of the Art Institute in Chicago, Illinois (2010), and was a researcher in the Theory Department at Jan van Eyck Academie in the Netherlands (2004-2005).
Recent publications include: “Looking at the West looking away? Khmer Rouge, western blindness, and documentary images,” in On Not Looking: The Paradox of Visual Culture, edited by Frances Guerin (New York: Routledge, 2015); “Post, update, download: Social media and the future of Auschwitz remembrance,” in Auschwitz heute—dzisiaj—today (Berlin: Hentrich and Hentrich, 2015); “Looking at the Tuol Sleng Museum of Genocidal Crimes, Cambodia, on Flickr and YouTube,” Media, Culture & Society 36:6 (2014).
Afke Berger is a PhD candidate at the NIOD, Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies in Amsterdam and is working on a dissertation on the functioning of the Association of Dutch Municipalities and local government in the Netherlands between 1933 and 1946. In her research, she looks at the ways in which this organisation and the people associated with it did or did not maintain themselves before, during, and after WWII, the dilemmas they faced and how they legitimised their actions and positions.
Afke studied history in Groningen and Amsterdam, focusing on modern history, identity formation, refugees, the persecution of Jews, the effects of the past in the present and people’s behaviour in uncertain times. In 2019, she received the Hartog Beem Prize in 2019 for her Master’s thesis ‘Toegelaten/Afgewezen. Een digitale data-analyse van Joodse aanvragen tot asiel in Nederland, 1938-1939’ (‘Admitted/Rejected. A Digital Data Analysis of Jewish Applications for Asylum in the Netherlands, 1938-1939′).
After publishing books about the German occupation of Ukraine (Harvest of Despair, 2004) and wartime Soviet propaganda (Motherland in Danger, 2012), he is currently working on a monograph about the Babi Yar massacre.
He studied at the University of Amsterdam (History and Russian Studies) and Harvard University (M.A. in Soviet Studies), received a Ph.D. in History from the University of Toronto, and was an invited scholar-in-residence at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
He is active in the European Holocaust Research Infrastructure, the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (Dutch delegation), the fellowships program of the Conference on Jewish Materials Claims Against Germany, and the initiative for a Babi Yar Holocaust Memorial Center.
More information is at https://pure.knaw.nl/portal/en/persons/karel-berkhoff(46ddc5e5-fced-4c3f-aa3d-aaa51944ff32).html
Thijs Bouwknegt is a historian, jurist and former journalist specialised in African Affairs, International Criminal Justice, Transitional Justice and Genocide Studies.
He is Researcher at the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies and Assistant Professor at the University of Amsterdam (UvA) and the University of Utrecht (UU). Besides, he works as an independent monitor of (international) atrocity crimes trials.
Since 2003, Thijs has attended, monitored and reported on the trials at the international tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (UN/ICTY), Rwanda (UN/ICTR), the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL), the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL), the International Criminal Court (#CC), and a range of national jurisdictions in Europe and Africa. Also, he worked as a researcher at the ICTR and the ICC.
Froukje Demant is Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the German Studies Institute Amsterdam. She holds an MA in Social Psychology and Political Science and received a PhD from the University of Amsterdam in 2015. In her dissertation she analyzed everyday relations and interactions between Jews and Gentiles in the German-Dutch border region in the period 1925-1955. Her fields of interest are: everyday life under Nazi rule, bystander behavior, and the nexus between daily experiences and normative frameworks,
She was co-organizer of the 2015 Amsterdam Conference “Probing the Limits of Categorization. The Bystander in Holocaust History”. Most recently, she has been developing a new project on bystanders of the Nazi persecution of the Jews. This project combines an analytical perspective on bystander behavior with a thorough reflection on the normative foundations of the field of bystander studies.
Recent publications include: ‘Living in an Abnormal Normality. The Everyday Relations of Jews and Non-Jews in the German-Dutch Border Region, 1933-1938’, in: The Holocaust and European Societies. Social Processes and Social Dynamics, edited by Frank Bajohr and Andrea Löw (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016); Verre buren. Samenleven in de schaduw van de Holocaust [Distant Neighbours. Jews and Non-Jews in the Shadow of the Holocaust], (Ipskamp Drukkers, 2015); ‘A pact of silence. The social resettlement of Jewish survivors in the German-Dutch border region after World War II’, in: Grenzfälle – Transfer und Konflikt zwischen Deutschland, Belgien und den Niederlanden im 20. Jahrhundert, edited by Krijn Thijs and Rüdiger Haude (Synchron, 2013).
Tessa Diphoorn is Assistant Professor at the Department of Cultural Anthropology at Utrecht University. She is currently working on a research project that analyses police reform in Kenya. She previously conducted extensive ethnographic research about private security in South Africa and her book, Twilight Policing. Private Security and Violence in Urban South Africa, has been published with the University of California Press (2016).
Jonathan Even-Zohar, MA, has a degree in History from Leiden University, relating to world-historical perspectives in history education with an honorary Crayenborgh-degree in Islam and Europe. At EUROCLIO he has managed history education projects in Bulgaria, Cyprus and Former Yugoslavia including various visits to the countries, international conferences, seminars and workshops. Within these projects, many aspects of publishing, curriculum development, political influence and general attitudes towards history education are developed. At the EUROCLIO Secretariat he is responsible for office and financial operations and staff coordination, as well as the running of the programme History that Connects, How to teach sensitive and controversial history in the countries of former Yugoslavia.
Katharine Fortin is an Assistant Professor of human rights, international humanitarian law and public international law at Utrecht University’s Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (SIM). Katharine converted to law after obtaining a BA (Hons) in English Literature and Language at Oxford University. She completed her law studies at City University and BPP in London. In 2005, Katharine qualified as a solicitor at Norton Rose Fulbright, where she worked as a dispute resolution lawyer until 2006. In 2007, Katharine obtained an LL.M (summa cum laude) in International Human Rights and Criminal Justice at Utrecht University. After a period working at the International Criminal Court and International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, Katharine defended her PhD (cum laude) in October 2015 at Utrecht University. Her PhD examined the accountability of armed groups under human rights law.
Katharine is currently working on a monograph for Oxford University Press on the accountability of armed groups under human rights law. She is the author of several journal articles on the subject of armed groups and the legal framework that applies in non-international armed conflicts. Her most recent article looks at every day life under rebel control and seeks to connects the legal framework on this topic, with literature from political sciences and anthropology.
Prior to starting her PhD at the end of 2009, Katharine worked as an Associate Legal Officer in the Immediate Office of the Prosecutor at the ICTY. Katharine has also worked and interned at the the Medical Foundation for Victims of Torture, the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR in Geneva), the AIRE Centre in London and the Council of Churches in Sierra Leone. She is a member of the Law of Armed Conflict and Peace Operations research group and the Utrecht Centre for Accountability and Liability Law. She is also the founder and co-editor of the Armed Groups and International Law blog.
Geraldien von Frijtag received her Ph.D. in history from the University of Amsterdam in 1999. She has been a researcher at the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies in the Netherlands and currently holds the position of Assistant Professor of History at the University of Utrecht. Her fields of interest encompass fascist and national-socialist ideology, Nazi occupation policy, daily life under occupation, the Holocaust and, more broadly, ethnic cleansing in twentieth century Europe and its overseas colonies.
She has published in Dutch, English and other languages and is part of various networks, e.g. the European Science Foundation program ‘Occupation in Europe: The Impact of National Socialist and Fascist Rule.’ She is the author of the book, Het Geval Calmeyer (2008), a biography of one of the main characters in the Holocaust in the occupied Netherlands. Her newest monograph examines the Dutch participation in the Germanization project in the occupied East and the engagement of Dutch ‘pioneers’ in the so-called ‘Holocaust by Bullets’. She is a member of the Research Committee of the EU funded EHRI (European Holocaust Research Infrastructure), of the international network on Supranational Criminology, and the initiator and coordinator of the research group ‘Perpetratorship in the Context of Mass Violence’ based in Utrecht/Amsterdam.
Susanne C. Knittel is Assistant Professor of Comparative Literature at Utrecht University. She holds a PhD in Italian and Comparative Literature from Columbia University, New York (2011). In her research, she explores questions of memory, commemoration, and cultural amnesia; the figure of the perpetrator and the politics of memory; and the relationship between memory studies, disability studies, and posthumanism.
Her book, The Historical Uncanny: Disability, Ethnicity, and the Politics of Holocaust Memory (Fordham University Press, 2015) presents a comparative analysis of post-1945 German and Italian memory culture and stages a dialogue between the fields of memory studies, disability studies, and postcolonial studies. In 2016, it was awarded Honorable Mention by Council of European Studies for the European Studies Book Award. The German translation, Unheimliche Geschichte: Grafeneck, Triest und die Politik der Holocausterinnerung was published with Transcript Verlag in 2018.
Susanne is the editor, with Zachary Goldberg, of The Routledge International Handbook of Perpetrator Studies (Routledge 2019).
In 2014 she received a VENI grant from the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) for a project entitled Faces of Evil: The Figure of the Perpetrator in Contemporary Memory Culture.
Renske Krimp is a historian with an MA in Holocaust and Genocidestudies from the University of Amsterdam. She works as a Senior Researcher and Educator at the National Committee for 4 and 5 May in the Netherlands. In this function she is concerned with applied research and the supervision of other researchers. She is also one of the editors of the journal Onderzoek Uitgelicht, published twice a year (http://www.4en5mei.nl/onderzoek/uitgelicht).
In her role at the National Committee she serves as a bridge between scholarship and the application of new knowledge in practise. The underlying assumptions are that research questions stem from the community and that society will benefit from the results of research projects.
Seran de Leede is a freelance historian and an Associate Fellow at International Center for Counterterrorism (ICCT) in The Hague. Her areas of interest include women and terrorism/extremism. She has looked at the role and position of neo-Nazi women in contemporary Germany through a historical perspective. In 2014, she concluded an exploratory assessment on Afghan women and their position towards the Taliban for ICCT. She also has an interest in female foreign fighters, both from a historical perspective as well as in the context of current events.
She has published on the motivations of young women and girls who support the Islamic State and on the role of women within the violent jihad from a historical perspective for the NCTV (National Coordinator for Security and Counterterrorism). She has published on the role of women’s rights initiatives in countering and preventing violent extremism in the MENA (Middle East and Norht Africa) region for the Dutch NGO HIVOS and she is a member of the Dutch-Flemish Network for Terrorism and Radicalization Research (NVNT) at Leiden University and of the Dutch Association for Women’s History. She has furthermore contributed to the database of the International Institute for Social History (IISH) on Dutch men and women who travelled to Spain during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) by writing the biographies of the women. Currently, she is writing a biography of Lie Alma-Heijnen, who was involved in various antifascist committees during the 1930s and presided over the Dutch department of the International Women’s Committee Against Fascism and War (WVC) from 1936 to 1939.
Grace received her Bachelor degree in Psychology at Atma Jaya Catholic University, Indonesia (1998) and her Master degree in Development Studies at Institute of Social Studies, The Hague (2007). Her interest in the 1965 issues started after her involvement with the Indonesian Institute of Social History (Institut Sejarah Sosial Indonesia) that has conducted an oral history research on 1965 and built an oral archives collection afterwards. With ISSI, she organized a program with the Indonesian History Teachers Association (Asosiasi Guru Sejarah Indonesia), developing biography-based history teaching materials.
Leksana, Grace, “Reconciliation through History Education: Reconstructing the Social Memory of the 1965–66 Violence in Indonesia”, Reconciling Indonesia: Grassroots Agency for Peace, ed. Birgit Brauchler (New York: Routledge, 2009).
Guus Meershoek is lector in the History of the Police at the Dutch Police Academy and lecturer in Safety Governance at the department Management and Governance, University of Twente. He did and does research on the history of the Dutch police, with a special focus on the German occupation, and on contemporary policing, especially organized crime, the fight against organized crime and undercover policing.
Meershoek studied Political Sciences at the University of Amsterdam and wrote a dissertation on the Amsterdam police and the German occupation. (Dienaren van het Gezag. Amsterdam 1999) He has published several books and articles, among these De Gemeentepolitie in een veranderende samenleving (Amsterdam: 2007) and De groep IJzerman (Amsterdam 2011). Together with Jos Smeets and Tommy van Es, he has published a collection of short biographies of Dutch policemen during the German occupation (In de frontlinie. Amsterdam 2014).
He publishes regularly a column on http://www.nrc.nl/rechtenbestuur.
Salvador Santino Fulo Regilme Jr. is a tenured University Lecturer of International Relations and Human Rights at the Institute for History of Leiden University. He holds a PhD in Political Science and North American Studies from the Freie Universität Berlin, and he previously studied at Yale, Osnabrück, and Göttingen. He is the co-editor of American Hegemony and the Rise of Emerging Powers (Routledge, 2017) and the author of peer-reviewed research articles in leading journals such as the Third World Quarterly, International Political Science Review, Human Rights Review, among others. His forthcoming book is titled Aid Imperium: United States Foreign Policy and Human Rights in Post-Cold War Southeast Asia. His current research project investigates competing visions of peace amidst the global war on drugs.
Personal website: http://santinoregilme.weebly.com/
Eva van Roekel is assistant professor of Cultural Anthropology at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. She holds a Master of Science degree in Latin American and Caribbean Studies from Utrecht University (2007). Her research interests revolve around visual anthropology, military culture, morality, human rights, conflict, Latin America and phenomenology. During her studies (BA and MA) she conducted fieldwork in Caracas, on research topics about political conflict, poverty and stigma. She received her doctoral degree in Cultural Anthropology at Utrecht University in 2016. Her research focused on state violence, emotion and law in post-dictatorial Argentina, and in this context, she conducted more than 20 months of ethnographic fieldwork among indicted military officers, victims and human rights activists. Her current research focuses on the Venezuelan crisis and refugees in the neighbouring countries.
Peter Romijn is a historian and senior researcher at the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust, and Genocide Studies, as well as a Professor at the University of Amsterdam, specialized in 20th Century History, in particular concerning public governance in times of wars and crises. In the 1990s he was one of the founding members of the original NIOD Perpetrator Studies group, which was later expanded in connection with Utrecht University.
His work concerns the history of political and administrative collaboration during the Second World War, also as connected to the persecution of the Jews, further the legacies of collaboration, including the purges and punishment of perpetrators and reintegration of former national socialist milieus into post-war society. Presently he engages in a project called ’10 years of war!’ which is dealing with the continuity of war in Dutch history, from the German occupation to the Indonesian war of decolonization. In this project, he discusses Dutch mass violence and war crimes as ‘the crimes of others’.
Peter Romijn has taught at Groningen and Amsterdam Universities, as well as at New York University, Columbia University, United States, and the Friedrich-Schiller University at Jena, Germany.
More info: https://pure.knaw.nl/portal/en/searchall.html?searchall=Peter+Romijn
Suzanne Schot is a PhD candidate with a Bachelor’s degree (LLB) in International and European Law, and Master’s degrees (LLM) in Legal Research (Research Master), and in Criminal Law and Criminology from the University of Groningen in the Netherlands. In September 2016 she started her doctoral study at the University of Groningen. Her project focusses on fact-finding through testimonies before the International Criminal Court. In this regard, emphasis is placed upon victims, witnesses, and perpetrators. For her Research Master thesis, she studied the contrast between the way perpetrators of international crimes present themselves, and the way the international criminal courts and tribunals portray their actions and responsibility. Both sets of narratives were subsequently placed against the backdrop of the truth that is sought in the aftermath of mass atrocities.
Bettine Siertsema is a research fellow and lecturer in the History section of the Faculty of Humanities of the Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. She holds a PhD in literature, obtained at the same university, with a research project on Dutch autobiographical literature on the Nazi concentration camps, focused on religious and ethical aspects (Uit de diepten. Vught 2007). Previously she held a position at the Faculty of Philosophy and the Blaise Pascal Institute. Her research focused on the interface of religion and literature.
She is currently working on a book about the way the perpetrator is portrayed in different genres of Holocaust literature. Another research interest is the USC Shoah Foundation video testimonies collection, both the content of the stories that are told and the way these stories are told, shaped by the interaction with the interviewers and the institutional context.
His book The Killing Compartments: The Mentality of Mass Murder (Yale University Press, 2015) focuses on the participation of both regimes and individuals in cases of mass murder. De Swaan offers a taxonomy of mass violence that focuses on the rank-and-file perpetrators, examining how murderous regimes recruit them and create what he calls the “killing compartments” that make possible the worst abominations without apparent moral misgiving, without a sense of personal responsibility, and, above all, without pity.
Ismee Tames is currently director of research at NIOD, Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies in Amsterdam, and endowed professor of History and Meaning of Resistance Against Oppression and Persecution on behalf of the 1940-1945 Foundation/Arq Psycho Trauma Group at Utrecht University. Her research focuses on experiences and long term impacts of war and mass violence on societies and individuals. Currently she is leading the New Perspectives on Resistance-Program at NIOD that combines national and international, academic and societal projects concerning the topics of war, resistance, persecution and oppression. Her publications include Besmette Jeugd. Kinderen van NSB’er na de oorlog (Balans, 2009) and Doorn in het vlees. Foute Nederlanders in de jaren vijftig en zestig (Balans 2013).
His most recent publications include Confiscation and Destruction: The Young Turk Seizure of Armenian Property (Continuum, 2011) and the award-winning The Making of Modern Turkey: Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950 (Oxford UP, 2011). From 2014-2019, he directed a Dutch Research Council-funded research project on paramilitarism, which led to the monograph Paramilitarism: Mass Violence in the Shadow of the State (Oxford UP, 2020). He is currently working on its follow-up monograph Assad’s Militias and Mass Violence in Syria (forthcoming, 2021).
Laurike in ‘t Veld is a lecturer at the Erasmus School of History, Culture and Communication and a research associate at the Centre for Historical Culture, Erasmus University Rotterdam. She holds a PhD in History from the University of Chichester, United Kingdom. Her research interests include popular cultural depictions of war and genocide, non-fictional comics, and discourses around (Holo)kitsch.
Recent publications include “Introducing the Rwandan Genocide from a Distance: American Noir and the Animal Metaphor in 99 Days” (2015, Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics https://doi.org/10.1080/21504857.2015.1027941) and “Reading Presence and Absence in Fax from Sarajevo’s Rape Narrative” (2018, Journal of Graphic Novels and Comics https://doi.org/10.1080/21504857.2018.1462222). Her monograph The Representation of Genocide in Graphic Novels: Considering the Role of Kitsch is forthcoming with Palgrave Macmillan.
Iva Vukusic received her PhD degree in 2020 within the NWO-funded VIDI project titled ‘Paramilitarism, Organized Crime and the State’ at the History Department of Utrecht University. Her dissertation focuses on Serbia during the 1990s. From 2009, Iva has worked in The Hague, covering trials at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). From 2007 to 2009, she was an analyst and researcher at the Special War Crimes Department of the State Prosecutor’s office in Sarajevo. Iva worked on a project focusing on visual material in war crimes trials at the Department of War Studies, King’s College London, as well as with others researching judicial responses to mass violence, their impact on post-conflict societies and more broadly, writing about challenges in the field of transitional justice. Previous writings include an article about ICTY Archives in the UK journal History (Wiley-Blackwell, 2013), a chapter in Prosecuting War Crimes: Lessons and Legacies of the ICTY (Routledge, 2014), and a chapter in State-Building and Democratization in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Ashgate, 2015).
Nikkie Wiegink is assistant professor at the Department of Cultural Anthropology at Utrecht University. She holds an MA in Conflict Studies and Human Rights and has written her PhD dissertation about the life trajectories of former Renamo combatants in Mozambique. She also worked on small arms control and Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reintegration in Sudan for the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC). Her research interests include: non-state armed actors; rebel governance; Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration; social navigation; RENAMO and its current remobilisation; veterans politics; (private) security; corporate sovereignty; extractive industry. Her current research is on corporate sovereignty around coal mines in Mozambique, which is funded by a Veni grant from the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO).
For more information and list of publications see: https://www.uu.nl/medewerkers/NWiegink
Philip Ademola Olayoku is a Senior Research Fellow of IFRA-Nigeria and an adjunct Lecturer at the Institute for Peace and Strategic Studies, and the Institute for African Studies, University of Ibadan. He holds a doctorate from the University of Ibadan (2014) and his research focuses on the legal dynamics of the Human Rights Violations Investigation Commission of Nigeria (HRVIC). The thesis is a unique contribution to literature on peacebuilding mechanisms and conflict transformation in Africa within the context of transitioning societies.
He teaches Social Movements in Africa, Culture and Media in Conflict Context, Language and Communication in Conflict, and Culture, Development and Peacebuilding. His research interests include transitional justice, memorialisation, ethnicity, transnational relations and China-Africa relations. His ongoing research projects include a comparative study of memory initiatives in Nigeria and South Africa. With an argument based on Andre Valls’s (2003) theory of Incomplete Transition, he is seeking to explore the trends and patterns of the resurgence of ethnic and racial violence in the Nigeria’s Biafran example and the Post-Mandela South Africa, as resultant from incomplete transitions. Another project is concerned with the challenges of the legitimacy of securitization in Nassarawa State, North Central Nigeria. This research focuses on the politics of exclusion and the resurgence of cultural motifs as counter hegemonic narratives for coping against oppression. I am particularly interested in the intricate complexities of the changing faces of oppressors through the different phases of aggression.
Philip Olayoku is currently the Project Manager of Information Aid Network (IFAnet) and a Harry Frank Guggenheim Young African Fellow and has presented at conferences in Ghana, Kenya, the UK, Germany and China. He is also a member of the West African Research Association (WARA), Society for Peace Study and Practice (SPSP), African Politics Conference Group (APCG) and the Internet Society (Isoc), China in Africa/Africa in China Research Network. His forthcoming publications include Trends and Patterns of Cattle Grazing and Rural Violence in Nigeria (2006-2014); Mandarin Education for Economic Empowerment: The Confucius Institute in Lagos Nigeria.
Carola Lingaas is an Associate Professor of Law at VID Specialized University in Oslo (Norway). She holds a PhD in international criminal law and an LLM in public international law (both from the University of Oslo). A revised version of her PhD thesis on The Concept of Race in International Criminal Law has been published by Routledge (2019). Carola has published within the areas of international criminal law, human rights law, and migration. In most of her research projects, she draws on research from the social sciences for the interpretation of the law. Prior to joining academia, Carola Lingaas worked for several years for the Red Cross, internationally with the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in South Sudan (2002-2003) and nationally with the Oslo (2005-2011) and Norwegian (2011-2013) Red Cross.
Ingjerd Veiden Brakstad is an historian and genocide scholar specializing in bystander perceptions of mass violence and the boundaries between bystanding and perpetration. She holds a PhD in history from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and an MA in contemporary history from the University of Oslo. She has held positions at The Norwegian Center for Holocaust and Minority Studies, the University of Oslo and NTNU, and has been a visiting scholar at the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies in Amsterdam and at the Freie Universität in Berlin. She has published and lectured on a variety of topics within the field of genocide studies, including the Holocaust in Norway, the genocides in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Rwanda, the Armenian genocide, as well as on the cultural genocides of indigenous peoples in Canada and Norway.
She currently works at The Norwegian Center for Holocaust and Minority Studies.
Jocelyn Martin is Assistant Professor at Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines, where she initiated courses on Literature, Memory and Trauma Studies. She is also Managing Editor of Kritika Kultura, a Thomson-Reuter-indexed journal. After obtaining her PhD in Langues et lettres from the Université Libre de Bruxelles in 2010, she has published book chapters in the volumes Re/membering Place (Peter Lang, 2013) and Aboriginal Australians and other ‘Others’ (Les Indes savantes, 2014). Her article, “Manilaner’s Holocaust Meets Manileños’ Colonisation: Cross-Traumatic Affiliations and Postcolonial Considerations in Trauma Studies, published in 2015, is included in the special issue of Humanities on Decolonizing Trauma Studies. Belgian-Filipina, she speaks five languages.
Karolina Baraniak is a PhD student in History and Cultural Anthropology at the University of Wrocław (Poland). In her doctoral dissertation she focuses on the politics of historical memory regarding the victims of autoritarian regimes (for example the Republic of South Africa, Chile, Democratic Kampuchea and the Polish People’s Republic). More generally, her research focuses on human rights violations during dictatorial regimes in Latin America, the issue of the desaparecidos, the activities of Truth and Reconciliation Commissions in the world, the memories of the victims and perpetrators of totalitarian and authoritarian regimes and the relationship between memory and transitional justice. She holds a BA in Cultural Anthropology and International Relations from the University of Wrocław and an MA in Cultural Anthropology and International Relations from the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań.
Patrícia Lourenço is a PhD student in Comparative Studies at the Faculty of Arts and Letters of the University of Lisbon. She is a member of the Centre for Comparative Studies, at the same university. Her current research interests are Memory Studies, Aesthetics of Emotions, Literature and Psychoanalysis, Holocaust Literature, and Jonathan Littell’s Les Bienveillantes. She is currently editor in chief of Estrema Journal (University of Lisbon). email@example.com
Her research focuses on difficult memories, collective emotions and readiness for reconciliation in post-war divided societies with a special emphasis on the relationship between victims and perpetrators. She is interested in the ways in which memory narratives are formed and transmitted through generations. Alma is currently working on two research projects. The first explores the social and cognitive aspects of memories of war in the post-war cities of Sarajevo and East Sarajevo, and the second one is related to Yugonostalgia and its transgenerational transmission. In her research she is trying to explore differences in memories and emotions between members of both victim and perpetrator groups.
She is the author of Social Aspects of Memory: Stories of Victims and Perpetrators from Bosnia-Herzegovina (Routledge 2019) and numerous articles.
Vladimir Petrović holds a BA and MPhil in Contemporary History from University of Belgrade, as well as an MA and a PhD in Comparative History from Central European University, Budapest. He was an investigator with the Serbian War Crimes Prosecutor’s Office and a postdoc at the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies in Amsterdam. He is a senior researcher at the Institute for Contemporary History in Belgrade, visiting faculty at Central European University and a visiting research professor at Boston University. His current research is situated at the intersection of history and law in the practice of historical expert witnessing, as well as in the history of human rights breaches in the former Yugoslavia.
Ruth Lipschitz obtained her PhD at Goldsmiths, University of London (Visual Cultures 2015). She is a lecturer and the current head of Design Studies at the Faculty of Art, Design and Architecture at the University of Johannesburg. The limitrophic interrelation between race and species is at the heart of her unpublished PhD, Animality and Alterity, and is explored in “Skin/ned Politics” (in the special issue of Hypatia, “Animal Others,” edited by Kari Weil and Lori Gruen, 2012), “Race and ‘the Animal’ in the Post-Apartheid ‘National Symbolic,’” (co-authored with Benita de Robillard in Image & Text 2017), and ‘Abjection’ in the Edinburgh Companion to Animal Studies, edited by Lynn Turner, Undine Sellbach and Ron Broglio (Edinburgh University Press, 2018). Her most recent publication, “Dance with Nothing but Heart (2001): Death, ‘the Animal’ and the Queer ‘Taste’ of the Other,” appears in Literature and Meat Since 1900, edited by Seán McCorry and John Miller (Palgrave MacMillan 2019). The book chapter “Queer Trouble at the ’Origin’ Steven Cohen’s Cradle of Humankind (2012) is forthcoming in Race and Animals, edited by Jonathan Thurston (Michigan University Press). Her work on the politics of animalisation emerged from ongoing research into traumatic histories, postmemory, and perpetrator identity. She is currently researching a project on discarded photographic portraits of Nazi soldiers.
Vicente Sánchez-Biosca is Professor of Film Studies and Visual Culture at the University of Valencia (Spain) and holds the chair of Art Studies (with J.V. Aliaga) at the IVAM (Valencia Museum of Modern Art). He has edited the journal Archivos de la Filmoteca (1992-2012). He has been visiting professor at international universities such as New York University, Paris 3 (Sorbonne Nouvelle), Paris 1 (Panthéon-Sorbonne), Universidade de Sao Paulo, University of Montreal, among others. He has worked on the Spanish civil war, the Shoah and, over the last few years, on Cambodian genocide. His current research deals with perpetrator images, that is, images whose production involve a sort of connivance with the act of violence representing in them.
Some of his recent books are: Cine y guerra civil española: del mito a la memoria (Alianza, 2006), Cine de historia, cine de memoria: la representación y sus límites (Cátedra, 2006), NO-DO: el tiempo y la memoria (2000) and El pasado es el destino. Propaganda y cine del bando nacional en la guerra civil (2011), both with Rafael R. Tranche (Madrid, Filmoteca España & Cátedra).
Two websites on the research projects he has led:
Stefan Cristian Ionescu is currently a senior lecturer in Holocaust and genocide studies at the Hugo Valentin Center, Uppsala University, Sweden. Ionescu holds a Ph.D. in history from Clark University in Worcester, Massachusetts, USA. His interests cover the areas of legal history, human rights, history and memory, international criminal law, minorities, transitional justice, and Holocaust and Genocide studies. He is the author of several book chapters and articles in journals such as Journal of Genocide Research, Yad Vashem Studies, Holocaust Studies: A Journal of Culture and History, and Culture and Psychology. Ionescu’s book, entitled Jewish Resistance to Romanianization: 1940-1944,was published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2015.
Zahira Aragüete-Toribio holds an MA in Anthropology and Cultural Politics and a PhD in Visual Anthropology from Goldsmiths, University of London. Currently, she works as a postdoctoral researcher in the project Right to Truth, Truth(s) through Rights: Mass Crimes Impunity and Transitional Justice (RTTR) led by Prof. Sévane Garibian and funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF) at the University of Geneva.
Her work focuses on issues of post-violence reparation of mass crimes; the legal, political and scientific treatment of human remains in the production of truth, evidence and knowledge after conflict; and the sociocultural legacies of mass crimes in contexts of impunity (with a special interest in Spain). She has published her work in Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal and History and Anthropology. Her book Producing History in Spanish Civil War Exhumations: Between the Archive and the Grave will be published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2017.
RTTR Project profile: http://www.right-truth-impunity.ch/en/members/zahira-araguete-toribio
Sévane Garibian holds a PhD in Law from the Universities of Paris Ouest-Nanterre-La-Défense (Paris X) and Geneva. She is currently a Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF) Professor at the Law Faculty of the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and an Associate Professor at the Law Faculty of the University of Neuchâtel. She is also an Associate Researcher at the Institut de recherche interdisciplinaire sur les enjeux sociaux (EHESS / CNRS, Paris) and at the Laboratoire Anthropologie bio-culturelle, Droit, Ethique & Santé (Aix-Marseille Université / CNRS). She is currently leading the research project Right to Truth, Truth(s) through Rights: Mass Crimes Impunity and Transitional Justice (RTTR) funded by the SNF and hosted at UNIGE.
Her work focuses on issues related to the role of law in addressing state-sponsored crimes, and explores plural justice mechanisms (traditional / alternative, judicial / extrajudicial). She is particularly interested in the relationship between law, history, science, memory and truth in the legal treatment of contemporary mass crimes and of their traces and legacies, their denial and their memorialization. She is the author of numerous and multilingual publications. She has notably edited the book La mort du bourreau. Réflexions interdisciplinaires sur le cadavre des criminels de masse, Pétra, Paris, 2016 (also published in Spanish : La muerte del verdugo. Reflexiones interdisciplinarias sobre el cadáver de los criminales de masa, Miño y Dávila, Buenos Aires, 2016).
RTTR Project profile: http://www.right-truth-impunity.ch/en/members/sevane-garibian
Arpita Mitra has an academic background in the sociology of law, and pursued a Master of Science (MSc) in Criminology and Criminal Justice from the Centre for Criminology, University of Oxford. Thereafter, she worked as a Research Fellow for a legal policy think-tank in New Delhi, India.
Her research raises questions concerning the victim-perpetrator binary and individual criminal responsibility of child soldiers with regards to mass killings of civilian population. Having previously worked on the development of art therapy modules in the assessment of trauma, she is also interested in exploring the intersection of art and forensics in developing a narrative of ‘silenced’ memories – of displacement and trauma experienced by unaccompanied minor refugees in Europe. Currently, she is pursuing a Master of Advanced Studies in Transitional Justice, Human Rights and the Rule of Law at the Geneva Academy. Two of her on-going research projects concern the use of art therapy interventions for former child soldiers in Sierra Leone, and the role of forensic anthropology in identifying missing children in Colombia.
Filip Vojta is a postdoctoral researcher at Institut für Strafrecht und Kriminologie (Institute for Penal Law and Criminology), University of Bern in Switzerland. He holds a Master of Law degree (mag. iur.) from the Faculty of Law, University of Zagreb, and a Doctor of Law degree (Dr. iur.) from the Faculty of Law, University of Freiburg. He previously held the position of a researcher in the Department of Criminology at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Crime, Security and Law (formerly Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law) and research associate in the Max Planck Partner Group for Balkan Criminology.
His first research monograph, Imprisonment for International Crimes: An Interdisciplinary Analysis of the ICTY Sentence Enforcement Practice (Duncker & Humblot, 2020), comprehensively explores the significance of penal rehabilitation for the perpetrators of international crimes and its implementation in the prison treatment of the ICTY convicts. In 2020, the study was awarded the Otto Hahn Medal by the Max Planck Society as an outstanding scientific achievement. His research revolves around international criminal justice, transitional justice mechanisms, criminology of international crimes, terrorism and comparative penology. His publications include articles in scientific journals, chapters in collected editions, book reviews, scientific and conference reports. He is a member of a number of working groups in the European Society of Criminology and holds the position of Chair of the European Society of Criminology Postgraduate and Early Stage Researchers Working Group (EPER).
Claire E. Aubin is a PhD candidate in Religious Studies at the University of Edinburgh. Her thesis, entitled From Treblinka to Trenton: Holocaust Perpetrators as Immigrants to the United States, focuses on the individual agency of perpetrators in navigating post-war immigration mechanisms. She also teaches for the University of Edinburgh History Department, as an undergraduate course tutor and writing centre associate.
Her PhD research was the winner of the 2019-2020 McMillan Award, and she has received research grants from the Royal Historical Society, University of Edinburgh and Society of Historians of the Twentieth Century United States. She has presented at conferences internationally on topics related to her research into Holocaust perpetrators in the United States.
Claire is the founding co-convenor of the Emotionally Demanding Histories Group, a research group for researchers of traumatic or sensitive historical topics.
Clare is co-editor, with Jeffrey Murer, of Perpetrating Selves: Doing Violence, Performing Identity (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018). She is the author of Violent Women in Print: Representations in the West German Print Media of the 1960s and 1970s (Camden House, 2012) and co-editor, with Anna Richards, of Women & Death 3: Women’s Representations of Death in German Culture since 1500 (Camden House, 2010). She has published numerous journal articles and book chapters on the subject of violence and gender, focusing on post-war West Germany. More recently she has become interested in the experience violence as a potentially creative or generative force with regard to the constitution of identity.
Clare was co-organizer of the conference “The Perpetrator Self: Violence, Gender and Emotion in Conflict and Culture in the long Twentieth Century”, which took place at the University of Hull in September 2015.
Currently, Clare is Principal Investigator (along with Dr Mererid Puw Davies, UCL), of the DAAD-funded research project ‘Violence Elsewhere: Imagining Violence outside Germany since 1945’.
Stephanie Bird is Senior Lecturer in German at UCL. She has published on topics ranging from the interaction of fact and fiction in the biographical novel, the relationship of female and national identity, and the representation and ethics of shame. Her latest book, Comedy and Trauma in Germany and Austria after 1945, analyses how comedy questions our expectations and unsettles our ethical assumptions of how suffering and trauma are represented. It includes analyses of the work of Ingeborg Bachmann, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, W. G. Sebald, Volker Koepp and Jonathan Littell. She is currently working on portrayals of perpetration, violence and justice in fiction and film.
Emma Bond (M.A. Edinburgh; M.St / D.Phil Oxon) is Lecturer in Italian and Comparative Literature at the University of St Andrews (UK). She works mainly on the link between identity and space in cultural production, and specifically on border, migration and trans-national narratives. She is also currently working on diasporic and second-generation narrative representations of the Italian colonial period in the Horn of Africa. She has been awarded fellowships at the University of Warwick, the Institute for Modern Languages Research (University of London) and the Bogliasco Foundation.
Some recent publications include ‘Towards a Trans-national Turn in Italian Studies?’, Italian Studies 69:3 (2014) and the co-edited volume Destination Italy: Representing Migration in Contemporary Media and Narrative (Oxford: Peter Lang, 2015). She is Joint Editor of the ‘Transnational Italian Cultures’ Series at Liverpool University Press, and is currently working on her second monograph, provisionally entitled ‘Writing the Trans-national Body’.
Matthew Boswell is a University Academic Fellow based in the School of English at the University of Leeds. His research focuses on the representation of the Holocaust and other atrocities across a range of media and art forms. He currently holds an AHRC Leadership Fellowship for a project entitled ‘Virtual Holocaust Memory’ which considers the changing shape of Holocaust memory in the digital age.
In his monograph Holocaust Impiety in Literature, Popular Music and Film (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) he discusses provocative responses to the Holocaust by non-victims, arguing that while such works are often shocking, the value of shock should not be lightly dismissed. Drawing on the philosopher Gillian Rose’s criticisms of what she termed ‘Holocaust piety’ and its claim that the only possible response to the Holocaust is a respectful silence, the book considers how irreverent works of fiction play an important role in shaping our contemporary understanding of the Holocaust and also ourselves.
Other research interests include the globalisation of Holocaust memory and the ways in which difficult pasts are remembered around the world. He leads an international network on Transnational Holocaust Memory, whose inaugural conference featured leading scholars from the USA, Europe and Africa. He is involved in an ongoing collaboration with the South African Holocaust and Genocide Foundation, funded by the AHRC and the British Academy, that considers the relationship between the Holocaust and traumatic histories such as apartheid.
Kara Critchell is a lecturer in History at the University of Chester. She holds an MA in Jewish History and Culture from the University of Southampton and gained her PhD at the University of Winchester in 2014 after being awarded an AHRC scholarship.
Her research interests focus on representations of the Holocaust and genocide in education, the cultural construct of the Jewish immigrant in the twentieth century and issues of gender within the context of political violence. She has recently begun conducting research into the representation of, and engagement with, perpetrators of genocide within education, British society and culture and wider British memory.
She is a member of the British Association for Holocaust Studies (BAHS), the International Network of Genocide Scholars (INoGS) and was a co-organiser of the international conference “Encountering Perpetrators of Mass Killings, Political Violence and Genocide” held at the University of Winchester in 2015.
Christopher P Davey is a PhD researcher in Peace Studies at the University of Bradford. His current research seeks to examine the narratives and fluidity of identities in genocide, focusing on the destruction of Rwandan refugees during the Congolese War of Liberation from 1996 to 1997. This research aims to contribute to how we frame actors in multiple cases of genocide, and offer another case study of post-colonial genocide in Africa. He occasionally teaches for both the University of Leeds and the University Bradford. Current research interests also include legacies of British empire and genocide.
Previously he has taught with Utah Valley University’s Peace and Justice Studies Programme. Chris’ MA dissertation at Kingston University’s Human Rights and Genocide Studies Programme, ‘Fighting Atrocity: Rethinking the Connections between Gross Violations, Civil Resistance and Intervention’, was published in the 2015 anthology Global Perspectives on the Holocaust: History, Identity and Legacy. He has published various book reviews on the topics of genocide, identity and African studies. His essay “The Congo and Its Rock” was published online as part of the second Amani Itakuya essay series on contemporary Congo. He is a member of the International Network of Genocide Scholars (INoGS), and the Congo Research Network.
Chris was an Associate Research Fellow (2015-2016) at the John and Elnora Ferguson Centre for African Studies, where he was editor-in-chief for the blog Debitores Sumus. This site publishes a variety of academic and practitioner posts to an international audience. He continues to write for his own blog on topics around mass violence, peace and belief.
Jennifer Philippa Eggert is a Doctoral Research Fellow/PhD Candidate at the Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Warwick. Jennifer’s doctoral research focuses on female members of the militias operating during the Lebanese Civil War, but she has also published on women fighters in IS and Al-Qaeda in Iraq. Jennifer speaks regularly on women and extremism, the prevention of terrorism, and intercultural relations, to both academic and non-academic audiences. She has several years of work experience in the fields of counter-extremism, intercultural dialogue, international youth work and civic education in the Middle East, South Eastern and Western Europe as well as South Asia. Her research has informed counter-extremism and community engagement workshops and trainings which she conducts in her free-time.
Jennifer holds an MSc in Comparative Politics/Conflict Studies from the London School of Economics and Political Sciences (LSE), a BA in Social and Cultural Sciences from the European University Viadrina in Frankfurt (Oder), Germany and a certificate for practitioners in civil, non-violent conflict management. During her BA, she also spent one year studying Social and Political sciences at Sciences Po Paris.
Jennifer tweets as @j_p_eggert. More details on her research can be found on her website: warwick.ac.uk/jpeggert.
Patrick Finney is a Reader in International History in the Department of International Politics, Aberystwyth University, UK. He has wide-ranging research interests in the collective memory of conflict, especially of the Second World War. His last monograph was entitled Remembering the Road to World War Two: International History, National Identity, Collective Memory, (Routledge, 2010), and explored the intersections between history writing on the origins of the Second World War and broader discourses of collective memory. He is currently completing another monograph entitled How the Second World War Still Shapes Our Lives, a global, transnational and comparative study of the cultural memory of that conflict since the end of the Cold War.
Other projects in progress include an edited volume Remembering the Second World War for the Routledge series ‘Remembering the Modern World’, which should appear towards the end of 2016, and a guest-edited theme issue for the journal Rethinking History on ‘Authenticity’, scheduled for 2017. These volumes will feed into a next major project exploring the problematic of authenticity in relation to contemporary Second World War cultural memory, provisionally entitled ‘Politics and Technologies of Authenticity: The Second World War at the Close of Living Memory’.
Amongst a wide range of other publications, he guest edited a journal theme issue on the work of Vasily Grossman in 2013, which included his co-written piece ‘”It is a terrible thing to condemn even a terrible man”: Vasily Grossman on judging perpetrators’, Journal of European Studies 43 (4) pp. 344-356.
Mary Fulbrook, FBA, is Professor of German History and Dean of the Faculty of Social and Historical Sciences, UCL. Recent publications include A Small Town near Auschwitz: Ordinary Nazis and the Holocaust (OUP, 2012) and Dissonant Lives: Generations and Violence through the German Dictatorships (OUP, 2011). Previous books include The People’s State: East German Society from Hitler to Honecker (Yale UP, 2005); Anatomy of a Dictatorship: Inside the GDR, 1949-89 (OUP, 1995); Historical Theory (Routledge, 2002); German National Identity after the Holocaust (Polity, 1999); and general overviews of German history. Her most recent work is on Reckonings: Legacies of Nazi Persecution (OUP, forthcoming 2017), arising from an AHRC-funded collaborative project on ‘Reverberations of War in Germany and Europe since 1945’.
Deana Heath received her PhD from the University of California, Berkeley, and has since taught or held research fellowships in six countries. She is currently a Senior Lecturer in Indian and Colonial History at the University of Liverpool. Her work is extremely theoretically driven. While her earlier work focused on elucidating the nature and operation of governmentality in South Asia, as well as other contexts (including Britain and Australia) her current research focuses on states of exception and bare life and the ways in which exceptional spaces make particular kinds of governmentalising violence possible. She is currently completing a book on police torture in colonial India that positions torture as a product of governmentalising violence in a state of exception, and that focuses on both the Indian agents who perpetrated torture and the officials (largely British) who facilitated it and whose regime of governance ultimately benefited from its role in maintaining the sovereign power of the colonial state. She has written a number of other articles on torture, its perpetrators and facilitators in colonial India, including on sexual violence against men and on torture, sovereignty and biopolitics. In spite of the tremendous reach and brutality of European colonialism there is very little scholarship that deals with violence perpetrators, so she is keen to hear from anyone who is working on perpetrators in colonial contexts.
Steve Hewitt is Senior Lecturer in History at the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom. He has written a number of articles and books related to security and intelligence in the past and present, including Spying 101: The RCMP’s Secret Activities at Canadian Universities, 1917-1997 (University of Toronto Press, 2002) and, co-authored with Christabelle Sethna, Just Watch Us: RCMP Surveillance of the Women’s Liberation Movement in Cold War Canada (McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2018). Currently, he is working on two related projects: a history of lone-actor terrorism in Canada and a history of terrorism and counter-terrorism in Canada. In particular, he is interested in the intersection of masculinities and extreme violence, particularly among lone-actor terrorists. He tweets regularly on related issues at @stevehewittuk
Sara is currently working on two research projects. The first explores the relationship between cultural forms of testimony and symbolic or restorative justice in diverse global contexts. The second examines the ways in which European memory entrepreneurs collaborate across borders to create memory narratives that might challenge those dominant in national memory cultures.
She is CI on the AHRC-funded research project “Knowing the Secret Police: Secrecy and Knowledge in East German Society” and PI on the AHRC-funded project ‘Post-Socialist Britain: Memory, Representation and Political Identity amongst German and Polish Immigrants in the UK (Feb 2021 – Jan 2024).
She has published numerous articles and book chapters on the history and memory of state socialism and is author of two monographs on these topics: Complicity, Censorship and Criticism: Negotiating Space in the GDR Literary Sphere (de Gruyter, 2011) and The Media of Testimony: Remembering the East German Stasi in the Berlin Republic (2014).Currently, she is working on her third monograph, entitled Towards a Collaborative Memory: German Memory Work in a Transnational Context.
Gabriel Koureas is Senior Lecturer in Visual and Material Culture from the late 19th century to the present day at the department of History of Art, School of Arts, Birkbeck. He holds a PhD in the History of Art from Birkbeck (2004). His research and publications concentrate on the following areas:
Representations of masculinity, conflict, memory, trauma, commemoration, sites of memory and museums; the visual and material culture of reconciliation; the intersections of visual culture with other senses in representations of memory and trauma; representations of terrorism in visual culture and museums in the 20th century; the visual culture of the Middle East.
His publications include: Memory, Masculinity and National Identity in British Visual Culture, 1914-1930, (Routledge, 2007); Art, History and the Senses, 1830 to the Present (Routledge, 2010) co-edited with Patrizia di Bello; Terrorist Transgressions: Gendered Representations of the Terrorist, (IB Tauris, 2014) co-edited with Sue Malvern; ‘Recirculating Images of the “terrorist” in postcolonial museums: The case of the National Museum of Struggle in Nicosia, Cyprus’, in A.E. Coombes and R. Phillips (eds), The International Handbooks of Museum Studies: Museum Transformations, (Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 2015), pp. 113-132; and ‘Competing Masculinities in the Museum Space: Terrorists, Machines and Mangled Metal’ in S. Malvern and G. Koureas (eds.), Terrorist Transgressions: Gendered Representations of the Terrorist, (London: IB Tauris, 2014), pp.125-136.
He successfully completed an Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) Networking Grant in collaboration with Reading University and Sandhurst Military Academy which investigated how the terrorist has been represented in the visual arts, film, photography and the media. Stemming from his research on terrorism he curated the exhibition ‘Mangled Metal’ (June – August 2015) in collaboration with the Peltz Gallery artist in residence John Timberlake which concentrated on the memory of ‘small wars’ and Britain as the perpetrating nation. He is currently completing an essay on the representation of the perpetrator in the Imperial War Museum (London).
Dr Omar Shahabudin McDoom is a comparative political scientist and Associate Professor in the Department of Government at the London School of Economics and Political Science. He is the author of the Path to Genocide: Security, Opportunity, and Authority in an Ethnocratic State (Cambridge 2021). His research interests lie in the study of genocide, peace, security, development, ethnicity, and kleptocracy. He specializes in the study of conflicts and violence framed along ethnic and religious boundaries, and in strategies that promote co-existence and cooperation between social groups in plural societies. He has field expertise in sub-Saharan Africa — primarily Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Uganda — and in South-East Asia, notably the Philippines. Dr McDoom’s work has been published in International Security, the Journal of Peace Research, and the Journal of Conflict Resolution and he has held research fellowships at Harvard and Oxford universities. Before becoming an academic, he worked as a Policy Officer for the World Bank, a Legal Officer for the Government of Guyana, and on electoral missions for the OSCE and UN.
Luisa Morettin (BA Padua, Italy; MA University of Westminster; PhD University of Reading) has held teaching and research positions at the University of Edinburgh, King’s College London, and the University of Reading, and at NCI University London.
Luisa’s research interests are connected to the study of the Second World War, the Holocaust, authoritarianism, political violence, and propaganda. She is the author of numerous articles in journals and edited books which explore the human cost of political violence along contested border lands. Her latest monograph, A Blood Border. Trieste Between Mussolini and Tito (New York: 2019), tackles a subject which is both delicate and vital to the process of the healing of the terrible wounds which Europeans have inflicted upon fellow Europeans in the twentieth century. It is a balanced and carefully researched contribution to the reconstitution of the many massacres that occurred in the context of the Second World War, making a firm case that the “Bloodlands” of Europe (Timothy Snyder) are not confined to Eastern Europe.
Luisa is member of the Royal Historical Society (RHS), the International Network of Genocide Scholars (INoGS), and the International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS).
Eleonora Natale is a PhD candidate in Politics and International Relations at Keele University (UK), She earned her MA degree in International Politics and Human Rights at Universitá di Torino (Italy), and studied at Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona and Universidad de San Martín (Argentina), where she enhanced her knowledge in Ethnography and Latin American politics. In 2015/16 she conducted an ethnographic study with Argentine military families about their memory of the political violence in the Seventies, and their experience of judicial prosecution in current democratic times. Her research interests include Armed Forces, Military Families, Kinship and Memory, Ethnography, Representations of Violence, Oral History, Nationalism and Political Violence, Terrorism and Counter-terrorism, the Falklands/Malvinas War.
He is author of Conflicts of Memory: The Reception of Holocaust Films and TV Programmes in Italy: 1945 to the Present (2010) and of several articles in edited books and journals, including among others Holocaust and Genocide Studies, The Italianist and Memory Studies. He was recipient of the Rome Fellowship at the British School at Rome and of the AHRC doctoral studentships. He has co-organised the international conferences “Encountering Perpetrators of Mass Killings, Political Violence and Genocide” (University of Winchester, 2015) and “The Future of Holocaust Studies” (Universities of Southampton and Winchester, 2013).
He is Fellow of the Royal Historical Society (RHS) and member of the International Network of Genocide Scholars (INoGS), International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS), British Association for Holocaust Studies (BAHS), International Association for Media and History (IAMHIST), Società Italiana per lo Studio della Storia Contemporanea (SISSCO), and the Society for Italian Studies (SIS). He is co-editor-in-chief of the Journal for Perpetrator Research.
Diana Popescu is a Research Fellow at the Pears Institute for the Study of Antisemitism, Birkbeck, University of London. She holds a PhD in Holocaust studies (University of Southampton, James Parkes Institute for the study of Jewish non-Jewish relations), an MA in Jewish History and Culture (Southampton), and a BA in English and Jewish studies (University of Bucharest). Her research interests are connected to the study of the manifold cultural, social and national impacts and reverberations of the cataclysmic events of World War II and of the Holocaust. She has researched issues related to audience reception of Holocaust artistic representations, public memory and memorialization of the Holocaust, and its representation in the visual arts and in contemporary museums.
Her PhD thesis explored representations of the Nazi perpetrators in visual art in the 1990s-2000s and the ensuing debates about perpetrator memory among Jewish communities. Her current research project investigates audience reception of public commemorations of the Holocaust which invite a higher degree of participation in acts of remembering the past. This research aims to shed light on the social impact of performative practices of commemoration and the possibilities or limitations in relation to keeping the memory of the Holocaust alive. This project is co-led with Dr Tanja Schult (Stockholm University) and funded by the Swedish Research Council.
She has coedited Revisiting Holocaust Representation in the Post-witness Era (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015), and has authored articles in various academic journals in the field of memory and Holocaust studies. She co-organised with Dr Tanja Schult the conference “Holocaust Representation at the Turn of the Millennium” (Uppsala, 2013) and “Performative Practices of Painful Pasts” (Stockholm, 2016). She acted as reviewer for the academic journal Holocaust Studies, and currently is in the process of editing a special issue for this journal, provisionally titled Performative Holocaust Memory: Interactivity and Participation in Contemporary Memorialization planned to appear in 2018.
Lorraine Ryan is a Birmingham fellow (research-focused lecturer) in the Department of Hispanic studies, University of Birmingham, UK. She has published over thirty articles in prestigious peer-reviewed journals and edited collections. Her book, Memory and Spatiality in Postmillennial Spanish Narrative, was published in the Ashgate New Hispanisms series in 2014. She is currently researching the perpetrator figure in Spanish narrative as well as preparing a monograph on the Spanish writer, Almudena Grandes.
Bob Sherwood served for over 30 years in the Metropolitan Police, was operational throughout, and retired with the rank of Detective Inspector. He served on many units and squads and commended several times for tenacity and detective ability. He retired from the Metropolitan Police Service in 2003 and has an abundance of knowledge as regards law and police investigative procedures. He obtained a upper second class honours degree in Law from Thames Valley University in 1993.
In 2012 he enrolled at Royal Holloway University, London and undertook a part time Masters degree in Holocaust Studies under the directions of the late Professor David Cesarani OBE. He obtained a merit in 2014 and a distinction for his dissertation entitled Compare the approach of the United Kingdom and United States War Crimes Investigation Team, appointed to investigate the Holocaust and other War Crimes, analysing their origin, success and impact.
He then continued his studies and completed a PhD from the same university with a thesis entitled, A Comprehensive Study into the United Kingdom War Crimes Investigation Teams in Relation to World War Two. His extensive research involved travelling throughout Europe and the United Kingdom where he attended conferences and made several presentations. His Doctorate was awarded in 2020. He has already contributed a chapter,”The United Kingdom War Crimes Investigation Teams After World War Two”, in a 2019 edited book on the legacies of David Cesarani, The Jews, the Holocaust and the Public. He is currently jointly writing a book in relation to post World War II war crimes investigations for the Oxford University Press.
Jon Silverman has been Research Professor of Media & Criminal Justice at the University of Bedfordshire since 2007, where he focuses on media, international justice and post-conflict states in Africa. He has supervised four successful PhD candidates and is closely involved with the Centre for Research in Law (CRIL) as well as his media research work. He is also a freelance journalist/broadcaster/trainer and from 2002-6 was criminal justice/legal affairs analyst for the BBC News Website. From 1989-2002, he was BBC Home/Legal Affairs Correspondent, following a three-year stint as Europe Reporter, based in Paris, and five years as a political correspondent at Westminster. During his time as Home Affairs Correspondent, he won a clutch of awards for his reporting. He was four times the Bar Council’s Legal Broadcaster of the Year. And in 1996, he won the top UK award for radio reporting – the Sony Gold Award – for his exclusive investigative reports for the ‘Today’ programme on Britain’s Nazi war crimes inquiries.
His first book ‘Crack of Doom’ (1994), was a ground-breaking study of the Jamaican Yardies and crack cocaine. His second, ‘Innocence Betrayed: Paedophilia, the Media & Society’ (2002), examined the implications of the News of the World’s naming & shaming campaign and the reaction to the murder of Sarah Payne. His third, “Crime, Policy and the Media” (2012) analysed the relationship between media coverage and government policy in the field of crime and justice. He is currently writing a book for Oxford University Press about the UK’s Nazi-related war crimes investigations and prosecutions, 1945-2000.
Judith Vöcker is a PhD Candidate at the Stanley Burton Centre for Holocaust Studies of the University of Leicester. Her doctoral research focuses on the German jurisdiction, its courts and legal personnel in Nazi occupied Poland, with a specific focus on Warsaw and the General Government. She has been a Fellow of the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council, the European Holocaust Research Infrastructure and the Vienna Wiesenthal Institute for Holocaust Studies.
Before starting her doctorate, Judith completed a BA in Slavic Studies and German literature and linguistics from the University of Cologne, the Jagiellonian University in Cracow and the Maxim Gorkij Literature Institute in Moscow, and an MA in Eastern European History from the European-University Viadrina and the University College London.
Yesim Yaprak Yildiz is an affiliated researcher at the Department of
Sociology, University of Cambridge, where she finished her PhD in 2018.
In her doctoral research, she examined public confessions of state
actors on atrocities against civilians, with a focus on Turkey and state
violence against Kurds during the 1990s. She holds an MA in Social and
Political Thought from the University of Warwick and a BSc in Political
Science from the Middle East Technical University in Turkey. Her research
lies at the intersection of political violence, human rights,
transitional justice and contemporary political philosophy. Yaprak has
been working on human rights violations in Turkey for over ten years,
previously at organisations including Amnesty International and Freedom
from Torture. She worked as a freelance researcher for UN Women, Child
Soldiers International and European Roma Rights Centre. She also
currently works as a researcher at the LSE’s European Institute on a
Maayan Armelin is a Claims Conference fellow and a PhD candidate at the Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Clark University. She earned her MA in social psychology from the University of Haifa. Her master’s thesis measured perceptions of humanness and similarity as facilitators of participants’ aggressive behavior. Armelin served as a research assistant at the Strochlitz Institute for Holocaust Studies at the University of Haifa and was secretary of the editorial board of the academic journal Dapim: Studies on the Holocaust.
Her dissertation will examine the social dynamics and leadership styles of the SS-Einsatzgruppen while committing mass murder, as factors that shaped the behavior of Nazi perpetrators, and of face-to-face genocide perpetrators.
Alison Avery is a PhD student at The Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Clark University. Her research focuses on Rwanda. Her dissertation research examines the micro-dynamics that shaped the formation, organization, and evolution of the ‘Interahamwe’ militia, a military-trained youth militia force that eventually became brutal killing squads central to the successful execution of the genocide. Avery’s research further seeks to illuminate the patterns of individual and collective participatory behavior as well as the motivational complexity of Interahamwe perpetrators during the genocide. The research method that is at the center of Avery’s doctoral research project is the collection of oral testimonies through comprehensively structured prison interviews with former perpetrators, as well as interviews with former perpetrators who have been released from prison and reintegrated into society.
His published works include Modern Genocide: The Definitive Resource and Document Collection (4 volumes, 2015); Encountering Genocide: Personal Accounts from Victims, Perpetrators, and Witnesses (2014); Genocide: The Basics (2014); and An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Genocide Biography: Portraits of Evil and Good (2012), which was awarded recognition by Choice as “Outstanding Academic Title 2013.” He is a past member of the Editorial Advisory Board of the international journal Genocide Studies and Prevention; is a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of the journal Holocaust and Genocide Studies; a member of the Advisory Board of the Genocide Education Project, California; and senior consultant of the Jewish Holocaust Centre, Melbourne. He is currently Vice-President of the Midwest Jewish Studies Association, and is a past President of the Australian Association of Jewish Studies.
Hollie Nyseth Nzitatira is Associate Professor of Sociology at The Ohio State University. She has published over 35 articles and book chapters on genocide and human rights, and she is also the co-editor of the Oxford Handbook on Atrocity Crimes. Her work addresses the causes of genocide as well as how countries rebuild in the aftermath, and it received the highest early-career awards from both the American Society of Criminology and the International Association of Genocide Scholars. Over the last four years, she has been following 200 Rwandans as they completed their genocide-related sentences and returned to their communities, funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation.
Maya Camargo-Vemuri is a PhD student at the Johns Hopkins University’s Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies. She has an MPP from the University of Maryland, where she focused on Ethics and Justice, and International Security Policy. Her dissertation attempts to explain sexual violence as it occurs in genocide, focusing on atrocities committed by German executive and armed forces on the Eastern Front during the Holocaust. In 2019, she was a Graduate Research Fellow at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, where she researched sexual violence committed by German and Soviet armed forces during World War II.
Outside the field of genocide studies, Camargo-Vemuri’s research concerns state-sponsored civilian victimization; identity-based conflict, violence, and social exclusion; and normative and legal questions about the perpetration of mass violence. She currently serves as editorial assistant for APSA’s Comparative Politics Newsletter and research assistant at Hopkins’ Agora Institute.
Benedetta Carnaghi is a PhD student in History at Cornell University, where she focuses on Modern Italian, French, and German History. She holds a BA in History from the University of Padua and the Galilean School of Higher Education, in Italy and an MA in History of International Relations from the École normale supérieure and the Université Paris 1 – Panthéon-Sorbonne, in Paris. Her dissertation project is a comparative history of double agents in the Fascist secret police, called OVRA, and its Nazi counterpart, the Gestapo. Her time frame is from 1927 (the genesis of the OVRA) to 1945 (the end of the Second World War). OVRA agents tracked down the so-called “subversives,” all opponents to the Fascist regime, who were registered with the “Casellario Politico Centrale,” an office of the general direction of the Italian Public Security. Gestapo agents infiltrated the Resistance networks in German-occupied countries and succeeded in arresting a large number of underground militants as well as the airmen and allied soldiers the Resistance fighters tried to hide.
Her research interests also include the history of Resistance, the Holocaust, gender studies, political violence, and terror.
William Harman recently retired after teaching and doing research for 22 years at DePauw University and for 12 years at the University of Tennessee. His scholarship includes 32 articles and chapters, and 2 books, and focuses on Tamil Hindu religious literature, temples, festivities, and goddesses. He lately turned his interest to religion and violence, with an emphasis on the Tamil Tiger rebellion in Sri Lanka. Current publication activities include editing and writing articles on ferocious and benevolent goddesses for the journal Nidan: International Journal for the Study of Hinduism and research on the fate of Tamil religion and culture in a post civil war Sri Lanka.
Erin McGlothlin is Associate Professor of German and Jewish Studies at Washington University in St. Louis. Her research interests include Holocaust literature and film, German-Jewish literature, the graphic novel, autobiography and narrative theory. She is the author of The Mind of the Holocaust Perpetrator in Fiction and Nonfiction (2021) and Second-Generation Holocaust Literature: Legacies of Survival and Perpetration (2006) and co-editor of three volumes: After the Digital Divide?: German Aesthetic Theory in the Age of New Digital Media (with Lutz Koepnick, 2009); Persistent Legacy: The Holocaust and German Studies (with Jennifer Kapczynski, 2016), and The Invention of Testimony: Claude Lanzmann’s Shoah in the Twenty-First Century (with Brad Prager and Markus Zisselsberger). Additionally, she has published articles in major journals and edited volumes on fictional and non-fictional works of Holocaust literature and film and German-Jewish literature.
Erin McGlothlin’s recent articles in the area of perpetrator studies include:
- “Empathic Identification and the Mind of the Holocaust Perpetrator in Fiction: A Proposed Taxonomy of Response.” Narrative 24.3 (2016): 251-276.
- “The Voice of the Perpetrator, the Voices of the Survivors.” Persistent Legacy: The Holocaust and German Studies Ed. Erin McGlothlin and Jennifer Kapczynski. Rochester, NY: Camden House, 2016: 33-53.
- “Narrative Perspective and the Holocaust Perpetrator in Edgar Hilsenrath’s The Nazi and the Barber and Jonathan Littell’s The Kindly Ones.” The Bloomsbury Companion to Holocaust Literature. Ed. Jenni Adams. London: Bloomsbury, 2014: 159-177.
- “Theorizing the Perpetrator in Bernhard Schlink’s The Reader and Martin Amis’s Time’s Arrow.” After Representation? The Holocaust, Literature, and Culture. Ed. R. Clifton Spargo and Robert Ehrenreich. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 2009: 210-230.
Sina Meissgeier is a Ph.D. candidate in “Transcultural German Studies” at the University of Arizona in Tucson, USA, and the University of Leipzig in Germany. She has a Ph.D. Minor in Gender and Women’s Studies from Tucson and earned her M.A. and her B.A. in Leipzig. Sina is currently writing her dissertation, which focuses on Holocaust Literature written by and about German Jewish and Communist Women from Ravensbrück Concentration Camp. She is also interested in looking at anti-fascist narratives surrounding Ravensbrück in the GDR and the portrayal of female perpetrators in the literature of the German-speaking countries.
Marie Aiudi Pattipati (she/her/hers) is a Researcher and Research Assistant at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States). She holds a BA in Sociology and Judaic Studies. Her research is centered around Narrative Subversion and “Innocent Denial” found within testimonies of perpetrators of genocide. She is also examining privilege, exceptionalism, and military mindset within this scope. Her focus has mostly been on Nazism, however, she is also examining former Khmer Rouge and perpetrators of Lynchings in the US for two separate projects.
Pattipati, Marie Aiudi. (2021). Narrative Subversion of Acknowledgement and Denial within ex-Nazi Memoirs. Deep Blue University of Michigan. (Honors Thesis).
Xiong, Zha Blong, Malina Her, Mari Kira, Andrea Belgrade, Marie Aiudi Pattipati, Gaozer N. Xiong, Harrison Miller, and Fiona Lee. (2021). Role of Family in Refugee Adjustment: Experiences of Hmong, Somali, and Syrian Refugees in the United States. Journal of Adversity and Resilience Science.
Zacharias Pieri is a Lecturer in International Relations and Security Studies at the University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee. Dr. Pieri’s research focuses on the relationships between religion, politics and violence, with an emphasis on the ideological and strategic development of Boko Haram in West Africa, and the evolution of Islamic State’s franchises.
He is author of several articles focusing on atrocities perpetrated by Boko Haram (as well as the Nigerian state), and is currently completing a book on Book Haram and drivers of Islamist violence in Nigeria and West Africa. He has consulted on international projects investigating counter-radical discourses amongst Muslim communities in Western Europe, West Africa and Southeast Asia. He is also known for his work on the Islamic movement, Tablighi Jamaat. Dr. Pieri has advised UK and US governments on aspects of conflict in West Africa, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Asiatic Society in 2010. He also regularly appears in the media including the BBC, Canadian Television News, the Washington Post, and International Business Times, among others.
Mihai Poliec is a PhD Candidate in Holocaust History at Clark University in Worcester, Massachusetts. In his doctoral dissertation, Civil Society’s Complicity during the Holocaust in Romania, he examines the participation of civilians in anti-Jewish violence in Bessarabia and Bukovina between July 1941 and August 1944. Poliec earned a Bachelor’s in Psychology and a Master’s in Judaic Studies from the University of Bucharest. He has also studied Judaism and the Holocaust in Israel, at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and in Sweden, at Paideia: The European Institute for Jewish Studies.
Brad Prager is Professor of German and Film Studies at the University of Missouri. He is the author, most recently, of After the Fact: The Holocaust in Twenty-First Century Documentary Film (New York: Bloomsbury, 2015), which deals with documentary representations of the Holocaust in the wake of canonical films such as Night and Fog and Shoah. His latest research deals with the representation of Holocaust atrocities in German nonfiction film.
Prof. Prager is the co-editor of a volume on Visual Studies and the Holocaust entitled Visualizing the Holocaust: Documents, Aesthetics, Memory (Camden House, 2008), and he is currently working, together with Erin McGlothlin and Markus Zisselsberger, on an edited collection dealing with the many hours of outtakes from Claude Lanzmann’s Shoah. He has been a DAAD Guest Professor at the University of Paderborn and a Gastdozent in the Program in Literature and Media at the Otto-Friedrich-Universität in Bamberg. He serves on the editorial board of New German Critique and is the co-editor of the book series Dialogue and Disjunction: Studies in Jewish German Writing and Thought.
Ana Ros is Associate Professor in Romance Languages and Comparative Literature at Binghamton University. She is interested in the study of Latin American history, society, and cultural production. Her research focuses on collective memory and civic-military relations in post dictatorial Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. Her first book, The Post-dictatorship Generation in Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. Collective Memory and Cultural Production (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) examines how different groups remember the dictatorial past in these three countries. More precisely, it illuminates how different narratives about the past interact in the public and private spheres, and how the younger generations reshape them in an attempt to better understand the present. Ana Ros’ second book project explores how the recent cultural production in Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay deals with challenging civilian-military relations in the ongoing processes of democratic consolidation.
Her research has been published in national and international journals, including: “Los otros con armas. Las complicadas relaciones cívico militares en el Chile de posdictadura.” A contracorriente. Revista de historia social y literatura de América Latina, Vol 14, Issue 2, (February 2017): 17-42; “Hijos y nietos de Pinochet: recordando el presente del golpe.” Revista de estudios sobre genocidio (December 2014): 51-76; “Los topos de Félix Bruzzone: Travestis y traidores contra la realización simbólica del genocidio en Argentina.” Confluencia. Revista hispánica de cultura y literatura, Vol. 29.2 (2014): 92-105 and “Forgiveness and Reconciliation as Generational Questions, Argentina 1982-2011.” Dissidences: Hispanic Journal of Theory and Criticism, 4.8 (2012). She has also published contributions to several edited volumes, among them “Ruth Irupé Sanabria: La poesía militante como forma de habitar el desarraigo.” In Lior Zylberman and Liliana Feierstein (eds.) Narrativas del terror y la desaparición. Buenos Aires: Universidad Nacional Tres de Febrero, April 2016. 239-252; “Félix Bruzzone’s Narrative in Post-conflict Argentina.” Trans. Mariana Grajales. In Matthew McGuire and Chris Andrews (eds.) Post-conflict Literature. New York: Routledge, March 2016. 147-163 and “El documental político y la generación de posdictadura en Uruguay”. Trans. María Paz Maza and Domingo Palma Moya. In Antonio Traverso (ed.) El documental político en Latinoamérica. Santiago de Chile: LOM Editores, October 2015. 163-183.
Sarah Snyder is a PhD Candidate at The University of Texas at Dallas in the History of Ideas focusing on Holocaust Studies through the Ackerman Center. Snyder has worked and conducted research at Auschwitz-Birkenau since 2013 focusing on memory and museology. Her PhD is entitled “The Historical Complexities of Time Constructs in Relation to the Term ‘Post-Holocaust’” in which she is analyzing Holocaust diaries, multi-generation memoirs, and testimonies in order to argue that the term ‘post-Holocaust’ is an inaccurate representation of the Holocaust for those that survived.
Snyder’s interest in perpetrators began with Adolf Eichmann and his trial. From there, she has analyzed and compared various genocide trials including, but not limited to, concentration camp trials, the Gacaca Courts, the trial of Kaing Guek Eav ‘Duch.’ She is particularly interested in the idea of perpetrators’ defense of being a ‘cog in the machine’ and rethinking what this means.
Kelsey Utne is a PhD student in History at Cornell University, where she focuses on public history, commemoration, and memory in Modern South Asia. She holds a BA/BS in History and Political Science from Salem State University and an MA in South Asian Studies from the University of Washington in Seattle. Her MA research focused on digital Partition oral history initiatives rooted in diaspora communities, and examined the process of archive creation and its role in the memorialization of the trauma of Partition experiences. She is particularly interested in the production of memorials and museum exhibits commemorating nationalist movements in colonial and post-colonial India and Pakistan.
James Waller is the Cohen Professor of Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Keene State College (NH-USA). In addition, he serves as Director of Academic Programs for the Auschwitz Institute for the Prevention of Genocide and Mass Atrocities, an international NGO devoted to atrocity prevention. He is the author of six books, most notably his award-winning Becoming Evil: How Ordinary People Commit Genocide and Mass Killing (Oxford University Press, 2nd ed., 2007), Confronting Evil: Engaging Our Responsibility to Prevent Genocide (Oxford University Press, 2016), and A Troubled Sleep: Risk and Resilience in Contemporary Northern Ireland (Oxford University Press, 2021). Waller has held numerous visiting professorships, most recently as an honorary visiting research professor at in the George J. Mitchell Institute for Global Peace, Justice and Security at Queen’s University in Belfast, Northern Ireland (2017).
In 2017, he was the inaugural recipient of the Engaged Scholarship Prize from the International Association of Genocide Scholars in recognition of his exemplary engagement in advancing genocide awareness and prevention. Waller has written for The Washington Post, The Irish News, and The Conversation and is frequently interviewed by broadcast and print media, including PBS, CNN, CBC, the Los Angeles Times, Salon, National Geographic, and The New York Times.