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Perpetrator Studies Network


The Perpetrator Studies Network has more than 100 members from all over the world. Click on a name to read more about the individual members:


Valentina Salvi is Professor of Sociology at Buenos Aires University and Tres de Febrero University. She earned her PHD in Social Sciences from the Universidad Estadual de Campinas (Brazil). She also is a researcher at the National Council of Scientific Research (CONICET) and Director of Núcleo de Estudios sobre Memoria CIS-IDES in Buenos Aires. Her research deals with memory, perpetrators, justice, and army forces in the context of post-dictatorship Argentina. She has published De vencedores a víctimas. Memorias militares sobre el pasado reciente en la Argentina (2012, Biblos)


Suren Manukyan is Deputy Director of the Armenian Genocide Museum & Institute (Yerevan, Armenia) and Chair of the Department of International Relations at Gladzor University (Yerevan, Armenia), as well as lecturer at the departments of History and Oriental Studies of Yerevan State University.
His current research focuses on the social-psychological dimension of the Armenian genocide. It is based on his Fulbright research project “The Sociology of Armenian Genocide: Perpetrators, Bystanders, and Rescuers vs. Victims, Survivors, and Betrayers” conducted at the Center for the Study of Genocide and Human Rights at Rutgers University, New Jersey.
He is a member of the International Association of Genocide Scholars and he was director of the IAGS’s twelfth conference “Comparative Analysis of 20th Century Genocides” (Yerevan, 8-12 July 2015)
He is the author of about 20 articles on genocide studies, among them several articles on perpetrators, mass participation, and dehumanization. His most recent publication is “Armenian Genocide: From May Declaration to Genocide Convention” in INTER-NEWS, The Newsletter of the Division of International Criminology of the American Society of Criminology, Spring/Summer 2015, Volume 41, 3-6 (link)

Websites and links: http://genocide-museum.am/eng/index.php


Güler Alkan studied political sciences and human rights at the University of Vienna/Austria with an exchange year at Uppsala University/Sweden where she specialized on genocide studies and advanced international politics. Currently she works as a university assistant at the Centre of Southeast European Studies, University of Graz with a research focus on modern Turkey. Her research explores the new Kurdish recognition discourse of the Armenian genocide; politics of memory and minority politics in Turkey; and EU-Turkey relations with a particular focus on human rights politics and discourses. As a lecturer she teaches on the responsibility to protect and the nexus between mass violence, nationalism, and gender.


Christophe Busch is a criminologist (University of Ghent) and holds an MA in Holocaust and Genocide Studies (University of Amsterdam). He is the director general of Kazerne Dossin: Memorial, Museum and Documentation Centre on Holocaust and Human Rights in Belgium. He’s currently studying terrorism studies at St Andrews University and finalizing his PhD research on the complexity of collective violence at the University of Amsterdam. He published together with Robert-Jan Van Pelt The Höcker Album: Auschwitz seen through the lens of the SS (2013 – in Dutch), a pictorial analysis of the perpetrator album by Karl Höcker the adjutant to the camp commander of Auschwitz. In 2016 the German edition was published.
He had a former career in a forensic psychiatric hospital, treating perpetrators who were unable to stand trial due to their psychopathology. His research interests are perpetrator treatment, deradicalization & disengagement, criminal psychology of collective violence and perpetrator presentation.

Mina Rauschenbach is a Research Fellow at the Leuven Institute of Criminology. She holds a Ph.D. in Social Sciences from the University of Lausanne, an MA in Social Psychology from the University of Geneva and a MA in Forensic Psychology from the Glasgow Caledonian University. Her main research areas concern the role of responsibility and victimhood attributions in processes of international and domestic justice and their significance in shaping justice perceptions and needs, as well as the role of non-judicial forms of justice in restoring social ties after conflict.

Some recent publications include “Accused for involvement in collective violence: The discursive reconstruction of agency and identity by perpetrators of international crimes” published in Political Psychology (2015) and “Repairing the harm of victims after violent conflict. Empirical findings from Serbia” published in the International Review of Victimology (2014). She is currently working at the Leuven Institute of Criminology on survey data collected in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia, focusing particularly on perceptions of non-judicial transitional justice measures related accountability, reparation and truth. This project aims to assess the relationships between support for various non-judicial transitional justice measures, for responsibility and victimhood attributions, and how these can lead to support for the role of agents or processes of transformation that are often assumed to promote or hinder reconciliation (e.g. politicians, NGOs, schools, media, as well as mutual acknowledgment of suffering).

Damien Scalia (PhD Geneva University/Université Paris X Nanterre La Défense, LL.M Geneva Academy of International Humanityrian Law and Human Rights) is Invited Professor and Advanced Researcher at the Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire sur la déviance et la pénalité (CRID&P – UCLouvain). His main research interests lie in International Criminal Justice, penalties and penal experience. He works on rationality and impact on post mass crimes justice in interviewing people tried by national and international courts and tribunals.
Some recent publications include “Expérience je justice internationale: perception de domination par d’anciens dominants”, RQDI (2015) and a book on international prison law (Droit international de la détention, Helbing, L.G.D.J., 2015). Currently, he is working on interviews made with 60 people tried by ICTY and ICTR.

Website : http://www.uclouvain.be/damien.scalia

Frank Seberechts is head of the research department of the ADVN (Archives and Documentation Center of the Flemish Nationalism) in Antwerp, Belgium.
After studying history in Antwerp and Ghent, he completed his PhD at Ghent University (2001). He was a researcher at the ADVN (1986-1987, 2001-2004, 2008-now) and the CegeSoma (Centre for Historical Research and Documentation on War and Society) in Brussels from 2004-2008. Currently, he is associate researcher at the CegeSoma. Among his recent publications are Gewillig België. Overheid en Jodenvervolging tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog, (Antwerpen; Amsterdam; Brussel, 2007, with R. Van Doorslaer, E. Debruyne and N. Wouters), Leven in twee werelden. Belgische collaborateurs en de diaspora na de Tweede Wereldoorlog (Leuven, 2009, with F.-J. Verdoodt) and De weggevoerden van Mei 1940 (Antwerpen, 2014). He is currently preparing a publication on the (war) crimes by the Flemish Legion, Waffen SS, NSKK and OT during WWII.


Alma Jeftić is a Senior Teaching Assistant at the International University of Sarajevo. She holds a BA in Psychology from the University of Sarajevo and an MA in State Management and Humanitarian Affairs from the Universities of Sarajevo, Belgrade and La Sapienza (Rome). She is currently a PhD candidate in Psychology at the University of Belgrade. In February 2015 she worked as a Senior Visiting Researcher in School of Psychology, University of Sussex.

Her research focuses on difficult memories, collective emotions and readiness for reconciliation in post-war divided societies with a special emphasis on the relationship between victims and perpetrators. She is interested in the ways in which memory narratives are formed and transmitted through generations. Alma is currently working on two research projects. The first explores the social and cognitive aspects of memories of war in the post-war cities of Sarajevo and East Sarajevo, and the second one is related to Yugonostalgia and its transgenerational transmission. In her research she is trying to explore differences in memories and emotions between members of both victim and perpetrator groups.

She is the author of one book on remembrance (The Handbook of Memory in Prose and Verses, 2012), one monograph and several articles and conference papers related to difficult memories and reconciliation.

Website: http://psy.ius.edu.ba/alma-jeftic

Hikmet Karčić is a researcher at the Institute for Islamic Tradition of Bosniaks. He is a PhD Candidate at the International University of Sarajevo and his research is focused on concentration camps in the Bosnian genocide. He obtained his BA and MA at the Law Faculty, University of Sarajevo. In the past, he worked at the Missing Persons Institute and the Center for Advanced Studies. He is the author of An Appeal for Truth: The Human Rights Chamber and the Seach for Missing Persons in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Konrad Adenauer Foundation, 2013) and editor of Remembering the Bosnian Genocide: Justice, Memory and Denial (Institute for Islamic Tradition of Bosniaks, 2016). He also co-produced two documentaries related to war crimes.


Michael Pitblado is a doctoral candidate in the Faculty of Education at Queen’s University in Kingston, Canada. He specializes in curriculum theory, history teaching, and Holocaust and genocide education. His dissertation research is a multiple case study examination of how history teachers approach teaching about the perpetrators of the Holocaust. He has presented his work at the Holocaust Educational Foundation’s Lessons & Legacies conference, the conference of the Association for Moral Education at Harvard University, and was a 2012 Fellow of the Holocaust Educational Foundation’s Summer Institute on the Holocaust and Jewish Civilization at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. As an educator, Michael has extensive experience teaching the history of Nazi Germany and the Holocaust at both the secondary and post-secondary levels. Currently, he teaches high school history at Leahurst College in Kingston where he offers a course called Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity.


Daniela Jara is currently Postdoctoral Fellow at Universidad Andrés Bello, Chile, and Adjunct Researcher at the Centro de Estudios de Conflicto y Cohesión Social (COES), in Santiago, Chile, investigating the cultural representations of perpetrators during the post-dictatorship in Chile. She received her PhD in Sociology at Goldsmiths, University of London, UK, in 2014. In 2016 she published her monograph, Children and the Afterlife of State Violence. Memories of Dictatorship (Palgrave Mcmillan). Her other publications include “A propósito del Museo de la Memoria: El debate de los historiadores y el uso reflexivo de la historia” in Revista Observatorio Cultural, and “The aftermath of violence: The Post-coup second generation in Chile” in Peripheral Memories: Public and Private Forms of Experiencing and Narrating the Past.


Maria-Teresa Pinto is a lecturer (profesor asistente) in research methods and Colombian civil war at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia (Bogota). She is currently pursuing a PhD at the University of Bristol. Her research focuses on how the past about the Colombian war is being confronted in a conflict resolution setting (for example the current work of the Historical Commission of the Conflict and its Victims in Columbia). She is also a researcher in the project “PEACE FESTIVAL: Creative Methodologies for Unearthing Hidden War Stories” (http://www.paccsresearch.org.uk/peace-festival/), which is being conducted at the University of Bristol together with the Partnership for Conflict, Crime and Security Research (PaCCS). For her research she has interviewed Colombian guerrillas and paramilitaries as well as victims and intellectuals.


Hans Lauge Hansen is Professor MSO of Spanish at Aarhus University, Denmark. He is specialized in the topic of memory studies, contemporary narrative modes and their contribution to the construction of cultural communities. He was the director of the collective research project La memoria novelada on the Spanish novel on the Civil War and Francoism written after the turn of the Millennium, and he is a work package leader in the Horizon 2020 project “Unsettling Remembering and Social Cohesion in Transnational Europe” (UNREST). Some recent publications: ‘On Agonistic Memory’, Memory Studies (web-publication ahead of print), co-authored with A. Cento Bull; ‘Modes of Remembering in the Spanish Memory Novel’, Orbis Litterarum forthcoming 2016; La memoria novelada III: Memoria transnacional y anhelos de justicia, 2015 co-edited with J. C. Cruz Suárez and A. Sánchez Cuervo, Peter Lang 2015, and Conflictos de la memoria – Memoria de los conflictos, co-edited with L. Cecchini, Museum Tusculanum Press, 2013.


Barbara Kowalczuk is professeur certifié at Bordeaux University, France. She holds a PhD in Anglophone Studies from Bordeaux Montaigne University (Tim O’Brien. L’Écriture de la hantise/Writing on What Haunts, 2016). She has published peer-reviewed articles in edited collections and journals such as War, Literature and the Arts (WLA), PsyArt and Sillages Critiques.

She explores the representation of violence in American literature and visual arts (19th-21st centuries). Her cross-disciplinary research comprises war studies, perpetrator studies, trauma studies and the anthropology of combat. She focuses on the ethics of war to examine issues related to the psychology of massacre. Her interests include the brutalization and brutality of combatants in the first and second world wars, the wars in Vietnam, Iraq and Afghanistan; individual and collective war crimes and accountability; perpetrator and postwar testimonies; chemical warfare, ecocide and animal ethics during armed conflicts.

Her current research project concentrates on the specificities of war trauma, moral injury and moral affront.

Website: http://climas.u-bordeaux3.fr/membres/50-kowalczuk-barbara-docteure-litterature-arts-visuels-americains


Eva Mona Altmann holds a diploma in Literary Translation (French and English as foreign languages) from the Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, where she now is a research assistant and lecturer while working on her doctoral thesis. Her research interest lies especially in the fictional adaption of the perpetrator perspective in Holocaust literature, focussing on the verbalization of the Shoah as well as on the translational influences on such texts.

Kristine Avram is a PhD Candidate and lecturer at the Centre for Conflict Studies at Philipps University Marburg. Her doctoral research focuses on the ascription of individual criminal responsibility in the aftermath of collective violence and repression, and its impact on societal discussions of guilt and responsibility for past crimes. In particular, it examines how individual responsibility is ascribed in the proceedings of a trial and resulting judgments, and how this relates to accounts of victims, perpetrators and other societal actors groups. Romania and Ethiopia serve as case studies.

Her further research deals with the conceptualization of social narratives of responsibility in collective accounts of the past. She is also a research assistant at Käte Hamburger Kolleg/ Centre for Global Cooperation Research at the University of Duisburg‐Essen, where she works on topics related to international relations and transnational cooperation such as e.g. migration. Kristine Avram studied in Germany, Spain, and Israel and holds a BA in Communication and Romance Studies and an MA in Peace and Conflict Studies.

Gerd Bayer teaches English literature and culture at the Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg. In addition to pursuing research interests in early modern prose fiction and contemporary British literature and culture, he is the co-editor of Literatur und Holocaust (2009, with Rudolf Freiburg) and of Holocaust Cinema in the Twenty-First Century: Images, Memory and the Ethics of Representation (2015, with Oleksandr Kobrynskyy). He has also published on trauma fiction and film and is currently editing a special issue on Holocaust film for the journal Holocaust Studies. As an associate editor of the Journal of Postcolonial Writing he is also invested in the representation of perpetrators in (post)colonial settings.

Website: https://www.anglistik.phil.fau.de/fields/enst/lit/staff/gerd-bayer/

Roberta Caldas is a PhD candidate and a journalist with a Bachelor’s degree in Social Communications and a Master’s degree in World Heritage Studies. She is currently on her first year as a doctoral student at BTU Cottbus-Senftenberg where she researches the use of personal stories to interpret uncomfortable heritage. Her main study case is the victims of the Berlin Wall and how their stories are and can be used in the urban space to interpret the history behind the Berlin Wall. For her Master’s thesis, she researched the communication and interpretation of the East Side Gallery, the longest remaining stretch of the Berlin Wall. She is the founder of the gowalkthetalk.org platform, a blog and podcast about Berlin’s everyday heritage.

Zachary J. Goldberg is currently Principal Investigator of the DFG Research Grant “Components of Evil: An Analysis of Secular Moral Evil and its Normative and Social Implications” in the Department of Philosophy at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. Prior to taking up this position he was Postdoc in Normative Ethics at Universität Regensburg. He holds a Ph.D. in philosophy from Arizona State University, a M.A. in philosophy from Stony Brook University, and a B.A. summa cum laude in philosophy from Emory University. His research and publications focus on the metaethical status and normative significance of moral secular evil, individual and collective responsibility for acts of evil, the moral psychology of perpetrators of evil, and the moral and political basis of redress for historical injustice. He is the editor of Midwest Studies in Philosophy XXXVI: The Concept of Evil (Wiley Blackwell, 2012) and Reflections on Ethics and Responsibility: Essays in Honor of Peter A. French (Springer, 2017). In 2015 the Forschungsinstitut für Philosophie Hannover awarded their first-place medal to his article entitled “Evil, ‘Evil’, and Taking Responsibility”.

Sarah Kleinmann is research associate at the Institute of Saxon History and Cultural Anthropology, Dresden, and pedagogical assistant at the Kreuzberg Initiative against Anti-Semitism, Berlin. She holds an MA in Historical and Cultural Anthropology, Political Science, and History from the Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Germany (2009), and a Ph.D. in Historical and Cultural Anthropology from the Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Germany (2015). In her dissertation she analyzed the museum representation of male and female Nazi perpetrators in Germany and Austria. She is particularly interested in the cultures of memory and the politics of history concerning National Socialism, and in cultural representations of mass violence and crimes in general. She was the recipient of a doctoral scholarship from the Hans Böckler Foundation and is a member of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Volkskunde.

Eva Lettermann teaches History and German at the Grabbe-Gymnasium in Detmold, Germany. She also trains history teachers at the Zentrum für Schulpraktische Lehrerausbildung Detmold (Detmold teacher training center). In 2007, her school established an exchange programme with the High School in Maccabim-Re’ut. Since March 2015, her school has been partnered with the International School for Holocaust Studies, Yad Vashem. Eva is a member of the network „Erziehung nach Auschwitz“ (Education after Auschwitz) at the Bezirksregierung Münster.
She is especially interested in the topic of „Teaching about Perpetrators“ since this is the focus of her dissertation, „Historical Learning about the Shoah through Perpetrators’ Profiles“, which she is currently completing at the University of Paderborn.

Thomas Lutz is the head of the Memorial Museums Department of the Topography of Terror Foundation in Berlin, and he is actively involved in Holocaust education and commemoration at the national and international level.

Since 1984 he has been working in the Berlin office of Action Reconciliation Service for Peace (ARSP) in the Memorial Museums Department, which coordinates the work of memorial sites, especially those with a focus on the recognition and documentation of Holocaust victims. His assignment also includes the advising of governments, parliaments, and non-governmental-organizations. Since 1992 he has been working in the same capacity for the Topography of Terror Foundation in Berlin. Thomas Lutz is chairman of the international board of the Brandenburg Memorial Foundation. He is also the manager of the Working Group Concentration Camp Memorials in Germany.

On an international level he is the co-founder and current vice-president of the International Committee of Memorial Museums in Remembrance of the Victims of Public Crimes (ICMEMO), which operates under the International Committee of the International Council of Museums (ICOM). Since 2000 he has been one of the German delegates of the Task Force for International Cooperation on Holocaust Education, Remembrance, and Research (ITF) to which currently 33 countries are contributing. He was twice chairman of the foundation of Memorials and Museums Working Group of the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA).

He is the author of numerous books and articles, and he is the editor of the quarterly newsletter Gedenkstättenrundbrief, and of the online Gedenkstättenforum (forum for sites of memory). He is the co-editor, with Corry Guttstadt, Bernd Rother, and Yessica San Román, of Bystanders, Rescuers or Perpetrators? The Neutral Countries and the Shoah, IHRA-Series, Volume 2 (Berlin 2016); with Elke Gryglewski, Verena Haug, Gottfried Kößler, and Christa Schikorra, of Gedenkstättenpädagogik. Kontext, Theorie und Praxis der Bildungsarbeit zu NS-Verbrechen (Berlin 2015); and, with David Silberklang, Piotr Trojanski, Juliane Wetzel, and Miriam Bistrovic, of Killing Sites – Research and Remembrance, IHRA-series, Volume 1 (Berlin 2015).

Katarina Ristić is a research associate in International Security and Conflict Studies at Helmut-Schmidt University/The University of the Federal Armed Forces in Hamburg. She obtained a PhD from the Faculty of History, Arts and Oriental Studies, at the University Leipzig. Her first monograph, Imaginary trials – War Crime Trials and Memory in former Yugoslavia (2014, Leipziger Universitätsverlag) deals with a media portrayal of six ICTY trials in Croatia, Bosnia and Serbia. Her research interests include transitional justice, memory, and media, currently focusing on multimodal analysis of TV news and Documentaries in transitional justice context. She is a member of the Historical Dialogues, Justice, and Memory Network.
Website: http://www.hsu-hh.de/isk/index_ix6SK6cXVEjGUmu0.html

Baijayanti Roy completed her Phd in 2014 from Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main. Her thesis, which will be shortly published as a book, is on Albert Speer, Hitler’s architect and later minister for Armament. The thesis shows how Speer, who acquired the image of being the ‘gentleman Nazi’ after the war, had strategically manipulated or suppressed his role as a perpetrator in Third Reich’s crimes against humanity. Roy is currently associated with the History of Sciences (Wissenschaftsgeschichte) at Goethe University, Frankfurt. Her present research focuses on the role of German Indologists in cultivating anti-Semitic ideas in academia and more specifically, the complicity of German Indological scholars in various aspects of National Socialist politics.

Sibylle Schmidt is a Post-Doc research assistant at Freie Universität Berlin, Department of Philosophy. She has written a book on the epistemology and ethics of bearing witness (Ethik und Episteme der Zeugenschaft, Konstanz 2015) and is currently doing research on the phenomenon of perpetrator testimony in historiography, criminal proceedings and art projects.
Lena Seauve holds a PhD in French Literature from the Humboldt-University in Berlin where she is a research assistant and lecturer. Her postdoc-project about narrative strategies in historic novels that are based on perpetrators perspectives focuses especially on the impact on the reader.

Website: https://www.romanistik.hu-berlin.de/personal/seauve

Cornelia Thiele works as a freelance curator of historical and cultural-historical exhibitions. She holds a Master of Arts in Contemporary History, Sociology, and Gender Studies from Humboldt-University Berlin. She specializes in the history of the GDR with a particular focus on memory culture and national identity. Her master thesis was about the gender specifics of the official memory culture of the GDR using the example of the Ravensbrück National Memorial. She is writing her PhD thesis about German Intellectuals and the German Question 1980-2000 at Rostock University. In her PhD thesis, she explores questions of change in the political role and impact of intellectuals in Germany after the reunification and during the nation building process in the 1990s.

Cornelia Thiele worked for the Berlin Wall Memorial at Bernauer Straße in Berlin. She was member of the curator team developing the exhibition Berlin 1961 I 1989 about daily life in Berlin during the Cold War that opened on 9th November 2014. In the summer of 2015 she coordinated the online exhibition www.risiko-freiheit.de about people who helped refugees escape from the GDR for the Marienfelde Refugee Center Museum. Right now, she is working on a new exhibition about the history of the German border in Mödlareuth. It is the story of a small village at the Thuringian-Bavarian border that was divided by a concrete wall from 1966 until 1989 and is better known as Little Berlin.

Timothy Williams is a research fellow at the Centre for Conflict Studies at Marburg University. His doctoral thesis is on the question of why people participate in genocide, and conceptually synthesizes motivations of perpetrators and tests the model empirically through field research in Cambodia and Armenia. His further research deals with conceptualisations of various roles individuals can have in genocide, as well as macro-level research into the causes of genocide. Methodologically, he is particularly interested in multi-method research and Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA). He studied at Mannheim University (BA Political Science) and at the London School of Economics (MSc Comparative Politics) and he is the Executive Director of the web platform www.beyondviolence.org.


Nick Warmuth is a PhD student in Comparative History at Central European University in Budapest. He holds an MA from King’s College London, where he wrote his thesis on juvenile delinquency in London during the Second World War. Since then, his interests have solidified into researching individual and group agencies under the nose of state authority. His current dissertation project seeks to question the validity of the totalitarian state model beyond that of an ideal-type concept, by applying a microhistorical case-study to the development and maintenance of social structures of prisoner hierarchy within the Nazi concentration camp, KZ Flossenbürg. His particular interest is focused on the so-called prisoner functionaries and their unique positions between authority and obedience, as well as simultaneously representing the characterization of victim and perpetrator.


Khushboo Chauhan is currently a doctoral candidate at the Centre for the Study of Law and Governance, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. Her thesis aims to study genocide through the conjoint lenses of law, politics and history. Her intention is to investigate how the different discourses (legal, political and historic) give meanings, definitions and understanding to the term genocide and even the Holocaust and how they are used to and condition (or limit and restrict or contribute) the practical fulfilment of human rights in relation to the issue of genocide. The thesis also aims to examine the discrepancy between international law, international politics, and history in relation to the issue of genocide from the Holocaust onwards.

She has also been awarded a M. Phil. Degree (JNU), where she worked on a dissertation focussing on local governance, civil society and rural health. Her dissertation for completion of the LL.M. degree in International Law focussed on the role of the International Court of Justice in the development of the Law of the Seas. She also holds a LL. B. degree from Himachal Pradesh University and a B.A.in Political Science and Psychology from St. Bede’s College, Shimla. Her research interests include Law specially Public and Private International Law, Law of the Sea, International Organisations, Human rights, Genocide studies, International politics, Public Policy and Governance with emphasis on it’s legal dimensions, decentralization, global governance and civil society.

Mohammed Sirajuddeen is a Doctoral Researcher at the Centre for Political Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. His doctoral thesis is on state sponsored extrajudicial violence in India. He specifically focuses on the dynamics of the ‘self-determination movement’ (Azadi/Freedom) in Kashmir and the Maoist insurgency in Chhattisgarh (Red Corridor) where vibrant political discourses are steered on the questions of enforced disappearances, extrajudicial killings/fake encounters, sexual violence, torture and trauma perpetrated by state as well as non-state actors. He also studies the dynamics of militancy, securitization, massacres and atrocities perpetrated by Vigilante groups like ‘Ikhwan-ul-Muslimoon’, ‘Salwa Judum’ etc. at the sites of conflict in India. He received his Masters (MA Political Science) from the University of Delhi and a BA (H) in Political Science at Kirori Mal College, New Delhi. His research interests include Governance and State, Militarism, Armed Conflict, Political Violence, Human Rights, Identity, Security Studies, Genocide Studies, Vigilantism, Extrajudicial Violence, and Exceptionalism.


Cara Levey (PhD University of Leeds, MA London, BA University of Leeds) is a Lecturer in Latin American Studies at University College Cork. Her main research interests lie in Latin American human rights, memory and justice and the activism and cultural production related to these themes. Much of her work to date has focused on the relationship between memorialisation and justice and the role of state and society in the construction and completion of “sites of memory” (including marches, memorials and museums).

She has published widely on this topic in Journal of Romance Studies, Latin American Perspectives and Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies. A monograph entitled ‘Fragile Memory, Shifting Impunity: Commemoration and Contestation in Post-dictatorship Argentina and Uruguay’ will be published in 2016 as part of Peter Lang’s Cultural Memory series. She is also interested in questions of identity and memory in the 1.5/second generation and has recently published a piece on postmemory in Uruguay in History and Memory. Her next major research project will look at the place for perpetrators in commemoration in Argentina and Uruguay, an area that has been neglected in the Southern Cone.

See departmental website for full list of publications http://research.ucc.ie/profiles/A018/clevey

Ingrid Lewis gained her PhD in Communications at Dublin City University, Ireland (2015). She holds an MA in Social Communications from the Salesian Pontifical University, Rome, Italy (2009). Her doctoral thesis analyses how European cinema has constructed particular sets of images of and discourses on women in the Holocaust over time. It focuses on three distinct categories: perpetrators, victims and resisters. The research examines how and why the portrayal of women in European Holocaust films has changed since the end of the war, and traces the various patterns that characterise their representation throughout the intervening decades.

Her research interests are in the fields of Film Studies, Holocaust Studies, Perpetrator Studies and Gender Studies. Ingrid Lewis is also one of the twelve international researchers chosen for the first EHRI (European Holocaust Research Infrastructure) summer school in Holocaust Studies held in July 2013 at the Shoah Memorial in Paris, France. In June 2015 she was a fellow for the 20th Annual Summer Institute organised by the Holocaust Educational Foundation of Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, USA.

She is the author of ‘Ordinary Women’ as Perpetrators in European Holocaust Films (2015) published by Palgrave Macmillan in the volume Revisiting Holocaust Representation in the Post-Witness Era  edited by Diana I. Popescu and Tanja Schult.


Efrat Even-tzur is a Phd candidate at the School of Psychological Sciences, Tel Aviv University, and a fellow of the Minerva Humanities Center at Tel Aviv University. She is also a child psychologist, with an MA degree earned from the Hebrew University, Jerusalem.

In her research she explores the meeting points between the psychoanalytical, the political, and the ethical in a multidisciplinary manner. Her doctoral work deals with psychoanalytic perspectives on perpetrators of socially legitimized violence, with a specific interest in the violence inherent to parenting practices on the one hand, and to soldiering and policing practices (in Israel/Paelstine and in general) on the other.

Email: efrate@post.tau.ac.il
Website: https://telaviv.academia.edu/EfratEventzur

Raya Morag is Associate Professor of Cinema Studies and Head of The Smart Family Institute of Communications at the Department of Communication and Journalism at The Hebrew University, Mount Scopus in Jerusalem, Israel. Her research and publications deal with post-traumatic cinema and ethics; cinema, war, and masculinity; perpetrator trauma; documentary cinema; New German Cinema; Vietnam War films; Israeli and Palestinian second Intifada cinema; perpetrator cinema; and corporeal-feminist film critique.

She is the author of: Defeated Masculinity: Post-Traumatic Cinema in the Aftermath of War (Peter Lang, 2009); The Defeated Male. Cinema, Trauma, War (Koebner Series, Jerusalem, and Resling, Tel Aviv, 2011, in Hebrew) and Waltzing with Bashir: Perpetrator Trauma and Cinema (I.B. Tauris, London and New York, 2013). Morag is a Guest Editor for Studies in Documentary Film’s special issue on Israeli Documentary Cinema (Volume 6, Issue 3, April 2012). Published by Intellect Books, the edition can be found at: http://www.intellectbooks.co.uk/journals/view-issue,id=2396/.

Her work has appeared in such journals as Cinema Journal, Camera Obscura, The Communication Review, Journal of Film & Video, International Journal of Communication, and Framework. Her current research projects focus on the perpetrator figure and societal trauma in cinema, and the New Cambodian Cinema.



Kjell Anderson is a social scientist and jurist focused on collective violence, in particular mass atrocities. He holds a doctorate in International Human Rights Law from the National University of Ireland, as well as an LLM in International Human Rights Law from Utrecht University, and MA and BA degrees in International Affairs (conflict studies) from Carleton University and the University of Saskatchewan, respectively. His work experience includes the National University of Ireland, National University of Rwanda, Hague Institute for Global Justice, Forum des Activistes Contre la Torture (FACT-Rwanda), and the Organization of American States.

He has participated in Transitional Justice and International Criminal Justice training programs in South Africa, Morocco, and the United Arab Emirates, and been a visiting researcher at the University of the South Pacific (Fiji) and the West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (India). He is currently a researcher/lecturer at the Netherlands Institute for War, Holocaust, and Genocide Studies, as well as a member of the Board of Directors of the Sentinel Project for Genocide Prevention and the Vice President of the International Association of Genocide Scholars.

Stéphanie Benzaquen is an art historian. She holds a PhD from the Centre for Historical Culture, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands. She received master’s and bachelor’s degrees in art history from the Université La Sorbonne Paris I in 1997. She also works as curator and has organized exhibitions and projects in Israel, France, Germany, Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, and Thailand. She is a recipient of a Leon Milman Memorial Fellowship at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington DC (2012), a recipient of a fellowship at the Stone Summer Theory Institute at the School of the Art Institute in Chicago, Illinois (2010), and was a researcher in the Theory Department at Jan van Eyck Academie in the Netherlands (2004-2005).

Recent publications include: “Looking at the West looking away? Khmer Rouge, western blindness, and documentary images,” in On Not Looking: The Paradox of Visual Culture, edited by Frances Guerin (New York: Routledge, 2015); “Post, update, download: Social media and the future of Auschwitz remembrance,” in Auschwitz heute—dzisiaj—today (Berlin: Hentrich and Hentrich, 2015); “Looking at the Tuol Sleng Museum of Genocidal Crimes, Cambodia, on Flickr and YouTube,” Media, Culture & Society 36:6 (2014).

Karel Berkhoff is Senior Researcher at the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies at the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Amsterdam, and teaches at the University of Amsterdam.
After publishing books about the German occupation of Ukraine (Harvest of Despair, 2004) and wartime Soviet propaganda (Motherland in Danger, 2012), he is currently working on a monograph about the Babi Yar massacre.
He studied at the University of Amsterdam (History and Russian Studies) and Harvard University (M.A. in Soviet Studies), received a Ph.D. in History from the University of Toronto, and was an invited scholar-in-residence at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

He is active in the European Holocaust Research Infrastructure, the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (Dutch delegation), the fellowships program of the Conference on Jewish Materials Claims Against Germany, and the initiative for a Babi Yar Holocaust Memorial Center.

More information is at https://pure.knaw.nl/portal/en/persons/karel-berkhoff(46ddc5e5-fced-4c3f-aa3d-aaa51944ff32).html

Thijs Bouwknegt is a historian, jurist and former journalist specialised in African Affairs, International Criminal Justice, Transitional Justice and Genocide Studies.
He is Researcher at the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies and Assistant Professor at the University of Amsterdam (UvA) and the University of Utrecht (UU). Besides, he works as an independent monitor of (international) atrocity crimes trials.

Since 2003, Thijs has attended, monitored and reported on the trials at the international tribunals for the former Yugoslavia (UN/ICTY), Rwanda (UN/ICTR), the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL), the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), the Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL), the International Criminal Court (#CC), and a range of national jurisdictions in Europe and Africa. Also, he worked as a researcher at the ICTR and the ICC.

Froukje Demant is Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the German Studies Institute Amsterdam. She holds an MA in Social Psychology and Political Science and received a PhD from the University of Amsterdam in 2015. In her dissertation she analyzed everyday relations and interactions between Jews and Gentiles in the German-Dutch border region in the period 1925-1955. Her fields of interest are: everyday life under Nazi rule, bystander behavior, and the nexus between daily experiences and normative frameworks,

She was co-organizer of the 2015 Amsterdam Conference “Probing the Limits of Categorization. The Bystander in Holocaust History”. Most recently, she has been developing a new project on bystanders of the Nazi persecution of the Jews. This project combines an analytical perspective on bystander behavior with a thorough reflection on the normative foundations of the field of bystander studies.

Recent publications include: ‘Living in an Abnormal Normality. The Everyday Relations of Jews and Non-Jews in the German-Dutch Border Region, 1933-1938’, in: The Holocaust and European Societies. Social Processes and Social Dynamics, edited by Frank Bajohr and Andrea Löw (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016); Verre buren. Samenleven in de schaduw van de Holocaust [Distant Neighbours. Jews and Non-Jews in the Shadow of the Holocaust], (Ipskamp Drukkers, 2015); ‘A pact of silence. The social resettlement of Jewish survivors in the German-Dutch border region after World War II’, in: Grenzfälle – Transfer und Konflikt zwischen Deutschland, Belgien und den Niederlanden im 20. Jahrhundert, edited by Krijn Thijs and Rüdiger Haude (Synchron, 2013).

Jonathan Even-Zohar, MA, has a degree in History from Leiden University, relating to world-historical perspectives in history education with an honorary Crayenborgh-degree in Islam and Europe. At EUROCLIO he has managed history education projects in Bulgaria, Cyprus and Former Yugoslavia including various visits to the countries, international conferences, seminars and workshops. Within these projects, many aspects of publishing, curriculum development, political influence and general attitudes towards history education are developed. At the EUROCLIO Secretariat he is responsible for office and financial operations and staff coordination, as well as the running of the programme History that Connects, How to teach sensitive and controversial history in the countries of former Yugoslavia.

Katharine Fortin is an Assistant Professor of human rights, international humanitarian law and public international law at Utrecht University’s Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (SIM). Katharine converted to law after obtaining a BA (Hons) in English Literature and Language at Oxford University. She completed her law studies at City University and BPP in London. In 2005, Katharine qualified as a solicitor at Norton Rose Fulbright, where she worked as a dispute resolution lawyer until 2006. In 2007, Katharine obtained an LL.M (summa cum laude) in International Human Rights and Criminal Justice at Utrecht University. After a period working at the International Criminal Court and International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, Katharine defended her PhD (cum laude) in October 2015 at Utrecht University. Her PhD examined the accountability of armed groups under human rights law.

Katharine is currently working on a monograph for Oxford University Press on the accountability of armed groups under human rights law. She is the author of several journal articles on the subject of armed groups and the legal framework that applies in non-international armed conflicts. Her most recent article looks at every day life under rebel control and seeks to connects the legal framework on this topic, with literature from political sciences and anthropology.

Prior to starting her PhD at the end of 2009, Katharine worked as an Associate Legal Officer in the Immediate Office of the Prosecutor at the ICTY. Katharine has also worked and interned at the the Medical Foundation for Victims of Torture, the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR in Geneva), the AIRE Centre in London and the Council of Churches in Sierra Leone. She is a member of the Law of Armed Conflict and Peace Operations research group and the Utrecht Centre for Accountability and Liability Law. She is also the founder and co-editor of the Armed Groups and International Law blog.

Geraldien von Frijtag received her Ph.D. in history from the University of Amsterdam in 1999. She has been a researcher at the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies in the Netherlands and currently holds the position of Assistant Professor of History at the University of Utrecht. Her fields of interest encompass fascist and national-socialist ideology, Nazi occupation policy, daily life under occupation, the Holocaust and, more broadly, ethnic cleansing in twentieth century Europe and its overseas colonies.

She has published in Dutch, English and other languages and is part of various networks, e.g. the European Science Foundation program ‘Occupation in Europe: The Impact of National Socialist and Fascist Rule.’ She is the author of the book, Het Geval Calmeyer (2008), a biography of one of the main characters in the Holocaust in the occupied Netherlands. Her newest monograph examines the Dutch participation in the Germanization project in the occupied East and the engagement of Dutch ‘pioneers’ in the so-called ‘Holocaust by Bullets’. She is a member of the Research Committee of the EU funded EHRI (European Holocaust Research Infrastructure), of the international network on Supranational Criminology, and the initiator and coordinator of the research group ‘Perpetratorship in the Context of Mass Violence’ based in Utrecht/Amsterdam.

Susanne C. Knittel is Assistant Professor of Comparative Literature at Utrecht University. She holds an MA in English and American Literature from Konstanz University, Germany (2004), and a Ph.D. in Italian and Comparative Literature from Columbia University, New York (2011). In her research she explores questions of memory, commemoration, and cultural amnesia.

She is particularly interested in the interaction of literature and other cultural media as vehicles of both majority and minority memory at the local, national, and transnational level. Her monograph, The Historical Uncanny: Disability, Ethnicity, and the Politics of Holocaust Memory (Fordham UP, 2015) is a comparative study of German and Italian postwar memory culture. In it, she stages a dialogue between the fields of memory studies, disability studies, and postcolonial studies. Her current research project, Faces of Evil: The Figure of the Perpetrator in Contemporary Memory Culture, is supported by a grant from the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO). It focuses on the figure of the perpetrator in post-communist Romania and post-reunification Germany.

She is a member of NITMES (Network in Transnational Memory Studies), the Research Network on Transnational Memory and Identity in Europe, the Historical Dialogues, Justice, and Memory Network. She is the co-organizer of the Utrecht Forum for Memory Studies and the founder of The Perpetrator Studies Network.

Website: http://www.uu.nl/medewerkers/SCKnittel/0

Renske Krimp is a historian with an MA in Holocaust and Genocidestudies from the University of Amsterdam. She works as a Senior Researcher and Educator at the National Committee for 4 and 5 May in the Netherlands. In this function she is concerned with applied research and the supervision of other researchers. She is also one of the editors of the journal Onderzoek Uitgelicht, published twice a year (http://www.4en5mei.nl/onderzoek/uitgelicht).
In her role at the National Committee she serves as a bridge between scholarship and the application of new knowledge in practise. The underlying assumptions are that research questions stem from the community and that society will benefit from the results of research projects.

Bas Kromhout is a freelance historian and journalist, and currently an associated researcher at NIOD in Amsterdam. He received his PhD in 2012 at the Rijksuniversiteit Groningen for a biographical study about the Dutch National Socialist Henk Feldmeijer (1910-1945), who, during the German occupation of the Netherlands, was head of the national branch of the Germanic-SS. At the moment he is working on another biography, about the South African Nationalist politician Hendrik Verwoerd (1901-1966), who from 1950 until 1966 was responsible for implementing the policy of Apartheid.

Ferenc Laczó is assistant professor in contemporary European history at Maastricht University. He holds a PhD in history from the Central European University (2011) and was previously employed as a researcher at the Imre Kertész Kolleg Jena (2010-15). Laczó is the author of three books, including Hungarian Jews in the Age of Genocide. An Intellectual History, 1929–48 (Leiden: Brill, 2016). He has published peer reviewed articles in journals such as Holocaust Studies, Contributions to the History of Concepts, the Leo Baeck Institute Yearbook and Yad Vashem Studies. He served as editor of “The Holocaust in Hungary in Contexts,” a thematic issue of the Hungarian Historical Review (2015/3). His main fields of interest are Central and Eastern Europe in the twentieth century, political and intellectual history, the history of mass violence, and history and memory.

Seran de Leede is a freelance historian and an Associate Fellow at International Center for Counterterrorism (ICCT) in The Hague. Her areas of interest include women and terrorism/extremism. She has looked at the role and position of neo-Nazi women in contemporary Germany through a historical perspective. In 2014, she concluded an exploratory assessment on Afghan women and their position towards the Taliban for ICCT. She also has an interest in female foreign fighters, both from a historical perspective as well as in the context of current events.

She has published on the motivations of young women and girls who support the Islamic State and on the role of women within the violent jihad from a historical perspective for the NCTV (National Coordinator for Security and Counterterrorism). She has published on the role of women’s rights initiatives in countering and preventing violent extremism in the MENA (Middle East and Norht Africa) region for the Dutch NGO HIVOS and she is a member of the Dutch-Flemish Network for Terrorism and Radicalization Research (NVNT) at Leiden University and of the Dutch Association for Women’s History. She has furthermore contributed to the database of the International Institute for Social History (IISH) on Dutch men and women who travelled to Spain during the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) by writing the biographies of the women. Currently, she is writing a biography of Lie Alma-Heijnen, who was involved in various antifascist committees during the 1930s and presided over the Dutch department of the International Women’s Committee Against Fascism and War (WVC) from 1936 to 1939.

Grace Leksana is a researcher at KITLV (Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies), working on the project of post 1965 memories in Indonesia. Her project focuses on how Indonesians remember the violence against those alleged as communists following the coup Gerakan 30 September 1965, especially in east Java.
Grace received her Bachelor degree in Psychology at Atma Jaya Catholic University, Indonesia (1998) and her Master degree in Development Studies at Institute of Social Studies, The Hague (2007). Her interest in the 1965 issues started after her involvement with the Indonesian Institute of Social History (Institut Sejarah Sosial Indonesia) that has conducted an oral history research on 1965 and built an oral archives collection afterwards. With ISSI, she organized a program with the Indonesian History Teachers Association (Asosiasi Guru Sejarah Indonesia), developing biography-based history teaching materials.

Leksana, Grace, “Reconciliation through History Education: Reconstructing the Social Memory of the 1965–66 Violence in Indonesia”, Reconciling Indonesia: Grassroots Agency for Peace, ed. Birgit Brauchler (New York: Routledge, 2009).

Guus Meershoek is lector in the History of the Police at the Dutch Police Academy and lecturer in Safety Governance at the department Management and Governance, University of Twente. He did and does research on the history of the Dutch police, with a special focus on the German occupation, and on contemporary policing, especially organized crime, the fight against organized crime and undercover policing.

Meershoek studied Political Sciences at the University of Amsterdam and wrote a dissertation on the Amsterdam police and the German occupation. (Dienaren van het Gezag. Amsterdam 1999) He has published several books and articles, among these De Gemeentepolitie in een veranderende samenleving (Amsterdam: 2007) and De groep IJzerman (Amsterdam 2011). Together with Jos Smeets and Tommy van Es, he has published a collection of short biographies of Dutch policemen during the German occupation (In de frontlinie. Amsterdam 2014).
He publishes regularly a column on http://www.nrc.nl/rechtenbestuur.

Christina Morina is DAAD Visiting Assistant Professor at the German Studies Institute Amsterdam. Her research focuses on major themes in 19th and 20th century German and European history, such as war, memory, political ideologies, and the history of historiography. She received a PhD from the University of Maryland in 2007. Her dissertation was published by Cambridge University Press in 2011 as Legacies of Stalingrad: Remembering the Eastern Front War in Germany since 1945 (paperback 2013). She is currently finishing a monograph (Habilitation) on the first generation of European Marxists, entitled Schwierigkeiten mit der Wirklichkeit. Weltaneignung und Weltanschauung im frühen Marxismus.

Morina is also co-editor of a forthcoming collected volume on the nexus between biography and historiography amongst historians in divided Germany (Das 20. Jahrhundert erzählen. Zeiterfahrung und Zeiterforschung im geteilten Deutschland, Göttingen: Wallstein, with Franka Maubach). Most recently, she is developing a new project on bystander behavior in the Holocaust in Germany and the Netherlands, focusing on the analysis of diaries written by Jews. She was co-organizer of the 2015 Amsterdam Conference “Probing the Limits of Categorization. The Bystander in Holocaust History”. A selection of the papers held a the conference will be published by Berghahn Books in 2017 (co-edited with Krijn Thijs).

Eva van Roekel holds a Master of Science degree in Latin American and Caribbean Studies from Utrecht University (2007). During her studies (BA and MA) she conducted fieldwork in Caracas, on research topics about political conflict, poverty and stigma. Since 2009 she has been working on a PhD research project in Cultural Anthropology on state violence, emotion and law in post-dictatorial Argentina, for which she has conducted more than 20 months of ethnographic fieldwork among indicted military officers, victims and human rights activists. Since 2012 Eva has been teaching anthropology at Utrecht University and at the University of Amsterdam.

Peter Romijn is a historian and senior researcher at the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust, and Genocide Studies, as well as a Professor at the University of Amsterdam, specialized in 20th Century History, in particular concerning public governance in times of wars and crises. In the 1990s he was one of the founding members of the original NIOD Perpetrator Studies group, which was later expanded in connection with Utrecht University.

His work concerns the history of political and administrative collaboration during the Second World War, also as connected to the persecution of the Jews, further the legacies of collaboration, including the purges and punishment of perpetrators and reintegration of former national socialist milieus into post-war society. Presently he engages in a project called ’10 years of war!’ which is dealing with the continuity of war in Dutch history, from the German occupation to the Indonesian war of decolonization. In this project, he discusses Dutch mass violence and war crimes as ‘the crimes of others’.

Peter Romijn has taught at Groningen and Amsterdam Universities, as well as at New York University, Columbia University, United States, and the Friedrich-Schiller University at Jena, Germany.

More info: https://pure.knaw.nl/portal/en/searchall.html?searchall=Peter+Romijn

Suzanne Schot is a PhD candidate with a Bachelor’s degree (LLB) in International and European Law, and Master’s degrees (LLM) in Legal Research (Research Master), and in Criminal Law and Criminology from the University of Groningen in the Netherlands. In September 2016 she started her doctoral study at the University of Groningen. Her project focusses on fact-finding through testimonies before the International Criminal Court. In this regard, emphasis is placed upon victims, witnesses, and perpetrators. For her Research Master thesis, she studied the contrast between the way perpetrators of international crimes present themselves, and the way the international criminal courts and tribunals portray their actions and responsibility. Both sets of narratives were subsequently placed against the backdrop of the truth that is sought in the aftermath of mass atrocities.

Bettine Siertsema is a research fellow and lecturer in the History section of the Faculty of Humanities of the Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. She holds a PhD in literature, obtained at the same university, with a research project on Dutch autobiographical literature on the Nazi concentration camps, focused on religious and ethical aspects (Uit de diepten. Vught 2007). Previously she held a position at the Faculty of Philosophy and the Blaise Pascal Institute. Her research focused on the interface of religion and literature.

She is currently working on a book about the way the perpetrator is portrayed in different genres of Holocaust literature. Another research interest is the USC Shoah Foundation video testimonies collection, both the content of the stories that are told and the way these stories are told, shaped by the interaction with the interviewers and the institutional context.

Abram de Swaan is emeritus University Professor of Social Science at the University of Amsterdam (UvA). He was Dean of the Amsterdam School of Social Science from its foundation in 1987 until 1997 and has been its chairman ever since. De Swaan contributed a weekly column to the Dutch newspaper NRC Handelsblad for several years and was an editor of the general cultural review De Gids till 1991. He has taught at various universities around the world, among which are Columbia University and Cornell University in New York, the Sorbonne and the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris. In 2008, De Swaan received the Dutch national award for literature, the P.C. Hooft Prize, for his essays.
His book The Killing Compartments: The Mentality of Mass Murder (Yale University Press, 2015) focuses on the participation of both regimes and individuals in cases of mass murder. De Swaan offers a taxonomy of mass violence that focuses on the rank-and-file perpetrators, examining how murderous regimes recruit them and create what he calls the “killing compartments” that make possible the worst abominations without apparent moral misgiving, without a sense of personal responsibility, and, above all, without pity.

Ismee Tames is currently director of research at NIOD, Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies in Amsterdam, and endowed professor of History and Meaning of Resistance Against Oppression and Persecution on behalf of the 1940-1945 Foundation/Arq Psycho Trauma Group at Utrecht University. Her research focuses on experiences and long term impacts of war and mass violence on societies and individuals. Currently she is leading the New Perspectives on Resistance-Program at NIOD that combines national and international, academic and societal projects concerning the topics of war, resistance, persecution and oppression. Her publications include Besmette Jeugd. Kinderen van NSB’er na de oorlog (Balans, 2009) and Doorn in het vlees. Foute Nederlanders in de jaren vijftig en zestig (Balans 2013).

Uğur Ümit Üngör gained his Ph.D. in 2009 (cum laude) at the University of Amsterdam. In 2008-09, he was Lecturer in International History at the Department of History of the University of Sheffield, and in 2009-10, he was Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at the Centre for War Studies of University College Dublin. Currently he is Associate Professor at the Department of History at Utrecht University and Research Fellow at the Institute for War, Holocaust, and Genocide Studies in Amsterdam. His main areas of interest are state formation and nation formation, with a particular focus on mass violence. These interests necessitate a commitment to inter-disciplinarity at the intersections of social science and history.

His most recent publications include Confiscation and Destruction: The Young Turk Seizure of Armenian Property (Continuum, 2011) and the award-winning The Making of Modern Turkey: Nation and State in Eastern Anatolia, 1913-1950 (Oxford University Press, 2011). He is currently leading a research project that examines the involvement of paramilitaries in counter-insurgency operations, scorched earth campaigns, and mass violence against civilians including the perpetration of mass murder.

Iva Vukusic, M.A, is a PhD Candidate within the NWO-funded VIDI project titled ‘Paramilitarism, Organized Crime and the State’ at the History Department of Utrecht University. Her project focuses on Serbia during the 1990s. From 2009, Iva has worked in The Hague, covering trials at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). From 2007 to 2009, she was an analyst and researcher at the Special War Crimes Department of the State Prosecutor’s office in Sarajevo. Iva worked on a project focusing on visual material in war crimes trials at the Department of War Studies, King’s College London, as well as with others researching judicial responses to mass violence, their impact on post-conflict societies and more broadly, writing about challenges in the field of transitional justice. Previous writings include an article about ICTY Archives in the UK journal History (Wiley-Blackwell, 2013), a chapter in Prosecuting War Crimes: Lessons and Legacies of the ICTY (Routledge, 2014), and a chapter in State-Building and Democratization in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Ashgate, 2015).

Website: http://www.uu.nl/staff/IVukusic/0


Philip Ademola Olayoku is a Senior Research Fellow of IFRA-Nigeria and an adjunct Lecturer at the Institute for Peace and Strategic Studies, and the Institute for African Studies, University of Ibadan. He holds a doctorate from the University of Ibadan (2014) and his research focuses on the legal dynamics of the Human Rights Violations Investigation Commission of Nigeria (HRVIC). The thesis is a unique contribution to literature on peacebuilding mechanisms and conflict transformation in Africa within the context of transitioning societies.

He teaches Social Movements in Africa, Culture and Media in Conflict Context, Language and Communication in Conflict, and Culture, Development and Peacebuilding. His research interests include transitional justice, memorialisation, ethnicity, transnational relations and China-Africa relations. His ongoing research projects include a comparative study of memory initiatives in Nigeria and South Africa. With an argument based on Andre Valls’s (2003) theory of Incomplete Transition, he is seeking to explore the trends and patterns of the resurgence of ethnic and racial violence in the Nigeria’s Biafran example and the Post-Mandela South Africa, as resultant from incomplete transitions. Another project is concerned with the challenges of the legitimacy of securitization in Nassarawa State, North Central Nigeria. This research focuses on the politics of exclusion and the resurgence of cultural motifs as counter hegemonic narratives for coping against oppression. I am particularly interested in the intricate complexities of the changing faces of oppressors through the different phases of aggression.

Philip Olayoku is currently the Project Manager of Information Aid Network (IFAnet) and a Harry Frank Guggenheim Young African Fellow and has presented at conferences in Ghana, Kenya, the UK, Germany and China. He is also a member of the West African Research Association (WARA), Society for Peace Study and Practice (SPSP), African Politics Conference Group (APCG) and the Internet Society (Isoc), China in Africa/Africa in China Research Network. His forthcoming publications include Trends and Patterns of Cattle Grazing and Rural Violence in Nigeria (2006-2014); Mandarin Education for Economic Empowerment: The Confucius Institute in Lagos Nigeria.


Jocelyn Martin is Assistant Professor at Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines, where she initiated courses on Literature, Memory and Trauma Studies. She is also Managing Editor of Kritika Kultura, a Thomson-Reuter-indexed journal. After obtaining her PhD in Langues et lettres from the Université Libre de Bruxelles in 2010, she has published book chapters in the volumes Re/membering Place (Peter Lang, 2013) and Aboriginal Australians and other ‘Others’ (Les Indes savantes, 2014). Her article, “Manilaner’s Holocaust Meets Manileños’ Colonisation: Cross-Traumatic Affiliations and Postcolonial Considerations in Trauma Studies, published in 2015, is included in the special issue of Humanities on Decolonizing Trauma Studies. Belgian-Filipina, she speaks five languages.


Karolina Baraniak is a PhD student in History and Cultural Anthropology at the University of Wrocław (Poland). In her doctoral dissertation she focuses on the politics of historical memory regarding the victims of autoritarian regimes (for example the Republic of South Africa, Chile, Democratic Kampuchea and the Polish People’s Republic). More generally, her research focuses on human rights violations during dictatorial regimes in Latin America, the issue of the desaparecidos, the activities of Truth and Reconciliation Commissions in the world, the memories of the victims and perpetrators of totalitarian and authoritarian regimes and the relationship between memory and transitional justice. She holds a BA in Cultural Anthropology and International Relations from the University of Wrocław and an MA in Cultural Anthropology and International Relations from the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań.

Paul Bargetto is an international theatre director, festival curator and teacher. He is the founder and Artistic Director of Teatr Trans-Atlantyk, an independent theatre company in Warsaw, Poland. Before he moved to Poland, he worked for many years in New York City where he founded East River Commedia (1998 – 2010) an experimental theatre company and the undergroundzero festival (2007 – 2014), a festival of independent live arts.
His recent project “Album Karla Höckera” is a documentary theatre play based on the Karl Höcker Auschwitz album. “Album Karla Höckera” is not only a work of theatre, but also an ongoing research project, which incorporates new research into the piece. Teatr Trans-Atlantyk also offers workshops on methodology.
Here is a link to the project:


Patrícia Lourenço is a PhD student in Comparative Studies at the Faculty of Arts and Letters of the University of Lisbon. She is a member of the Centre for Comparative Studies, at the same university. Her current research interests are Memory Studies, Aesthetics of Emotions, Literature and Psychoanalysis, Holocaust Literature, and Jonathan Littell’s Les Bienveillantes. She is currently editor in chief of Estrema Journal (University of Lisbon). patricia.a.lourenco@gmail.com


Vladimir Petrović holds a BA and MPhil in Contemporary History from University of Belgrade, as well as an MA and a PhD in Comparative History from Central European University, Budapest. He was an investigator with the Serbian War Crimes Prosecutor’s Office and a postdoc at the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies in Amsterdam. He is a senior researcher at the Institute for Contemporary History in Belgrade, visiting faculty at Central European University and a visiting research professor at Boston University. His current research is situated at the intersection of history and law in the practice of historical expert witnessing, as well as in the history of human rights breaches in the former Yugoslavia.

South Africa

Robyn Bloch is a PhD researcher at the Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research (WiSER) and teaches in the University of the Witwatersrand’s English literature department. She is specifically interested in how apartheid perpetrators are being represented (or not) after 2010 in a bid to speculate on what this might mean in terms of how the South African public relates to the past now. Writing in the midst of a frenetic political moment in the country, in which students across campuses are engaged in a violent unmasking of white privilege, Robyn’s work thinks about how the past is rising once more, this time outside of the Truth and Reconciliation’s comforting frame.


Vicente Sánchez-Biosca is Professor of Film Studies and Visual Culture at the University of Valencia (Spain) and holds the chair of Art Studies (with J.V. Aliaga) at the IVAM (Valencia Museum of Modern Art). He has edited the journal Archivos de la Filmoteca (1992-2012). He has been visiting professor at international universities such as New York University, Paris 3 (Sorbonne Nouvelle), Paris 1 (Panthéon-Sorbonne), Universidade de Sao Paulo, University of Montreal, among others. He has worked on the Spanish civil war, the Shoah and, over the last few years, on Cambodian genocide. His current research deals with perpetrator images, that is, images whose production involve a sort of connivance with the act of violence representing in them.

Some of his recent books are: Cine y guerra civil española: del mito a la memoria (Alianza, 2006), Cine de historia, cine de memoria: la representación y sus límites (Cátedra, 2006), NO-DO: el tiempo y la memoria (2000) and El pasado es el destino. Propaganda y cine del bando nacional en la guerra civil (2011), both with Rafael R. Tranche (Madrid, Filmoteca España & Cátedra).




Two websites on the research projects he has led:




Zahira Aragüete-Toribio holds an MA in Anthropology and Cultural Politics and a PhD in Visual Anthropology from Goldsmiths, University of London. Currently, she works as a postdoctoral researcher in the project Right to Truth, Truth(s) through Rights: Mass Crimes Impunity and Transitional Justice (RTTR) led by Prof. Sévane Garibian and funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF) at the University of Geneva.

Her work focuses on issues of post-violence reparation of mass crimes; the legal, political and scientific treatment of human remains in the production of truth, evidence and knowledge after conflict; and the sociocultural legacies of mass crimes in contexts of impunity (with a special interest in Spain). She has published her work in Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal and History and Anthropology. Her book Producing History in Spanish Civil War Exhumations: Between the Archive and the Grave will be published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2017.

Online Links:

RTTR Project profile: http://www.right-truth-impunity.ch/en/members/zahira-araguete-toribio

Academia.edu: https://affective-sciences.academia.edu/ZahiraAragueteToribio

Sévane Garibian holds a PhD in Law from the Universities of Paris Ouest-Nanterre-La-Défense (Paris X) and Geneva. She is currently a Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF) Professor at the Law Faculty of the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and an Associate Professor at the Law Faculty of the University of Neuchâtel. She is also an Associate Researcher at the Institut de recherche interdisciplinaire sur les enjeux sociaux (EHESS / CNRS, Paris) and at the Laboratoire Anthropologie bio-culturelle, Droit, Ethique & Santé (Aix-Marseille Université / CNRS). She is currently leading the research project Right to Truth, Truth(s) through Rights: Mass Crimes Impunity and Transitional Justice (RTTR) funded by the SNF and hosted at UNIGE.

Her work focuses on issues related to the role of law in addressing state-sponsored crimes, and explores plural justice mechanisms (traditional / alternative, judicial / extrajudicial). She is particularly interested in the relationship between law, history, science, memory and truth in the legal treatment of contemporary mass crimes and of their traces and legacies, their denial and their memorialization. She is the author of numerous and multilingual publications. She has notably edited the book La mort du bourreau. Réflexions interdisciplinaires sur le cadavre des criminels de masse, Pétra, Paris, 2016 (also published in Spanish : La muerte del verdugo. Reflexiones interdisciplinarias sobre el cadáver de los criminales de masa, Miño y Dávila, Buenos Aires, 2016).

Online Links:

RTTR Project profile: http://www.right-truth-impunity.ch/en/members/sevane-garibian

Academia.edu: https://unige.academia.edu/S%C3%A9vaneGaribian

United Kingdom

Clare Bielby is Senior Lecturer in Women’s Studies at the University of York. She holds a PhD in German Studies from the University of Edinburgh (2009), an MA in Gender and Media Studies from the University of Sussex (2005) and a BA in Modern and Medieval Languages (German and French) from the University of Cambridge (2004). Her research and teaching focus on post-war German cultural and gender studies, with a particular emphasis on violence, gender and their representation.

Clare is author of Violent Women in Print: Representations in the West German Print Media of the 1960s and 1970s (Camden House, 2012); co-editor (with Anna Richards) of Women & Death 3: Women’s Representations of Death in German Culture since 1500 (Camden House, 2010) and author of various journal articles and book chapters on the subject of violence and gender in post-war West Germany. More recently she has become interested in the experience violence as a potentially creative or generative force with regard to the constitution of identity. Her most recent article applies this idea to West Germany’s second-wave feminist movement and to feminist subjectivity in particular. Clare is also working on the life writing of former left-wing militants in the Federal Republic of Germany and will write her next monograph on this subject.

Clare was co-organizer of the conference “The Perpetrator Self: Violence, Gender and Emotion in Conflict and Culture in the long Twentieth Century”, which took place at the University of Hull in September 2015. With Jeffrey Murer, she is currently working on a collected volume of essays to come out of that conference.

Stephanie Bird is Senior Lecturer in German at UCL. She has published on topics ranging from the interaction of fact and fiction in the biographical novel, the relationship of female and national identity, and the representation and ethics of shame. Her latest book, Comedy and Trauma in Germany and Austria after 1945, analyses how comedy questions our expectations and unsettles our ethical assumptions of how suffering and trauma are represented. It includes analyses of the work of Ingeborg Bachmann, Rainer Werner Fassbinder, W. G. Sebald, Volker Koepp and Jonathan Littell. She is currently working on portrayals of perpetration, violence and justice in fiction and film.

Emma Bond (M.A. Edinburgh; M.St / D.Phil Oxon) is Lecturer in Italian and Comparative Literature at the University of St Andrews (UK). She works mainly on the link between identity and space in cultural production, and specifically on border, migration and trans-national narratives. She is also currently working on diasporic and second-generation narrative representations of the Italian colonial period in the Horn of Africa. She has been awarded fellowships at the University of Warwick, the Institute for Modern Languages Research (University of London) and the Bogliasco Foundation.

Some recent publications include ‘Towards a Trans-national Turn in Italian Studies?’, Italian Studies 69:3 (2014) and the co-edited volume Destination Italy: Representing Migration in Contemporary Media and Narrative (Oxford: Peter Lang, 2015). She is Joint Editor of the ‘Transnational Italian Cultures’ Series at Liverpool University Press, and is currently working on her second monograph, provisionally entitled ‘Writing the Trans-national Body’.

Website: https://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/modlangs/people/italian/bond/

Matthew Boswell is a University Academic Fellow based in the School of English at the University of Leeds. His research focuses on the representation of the Holocaust and other atrocities across a range of media and art forms. He currently holds an AHRC Leadership Fellowship for a project entitled ‘Virtual Holocaust Memory’ which considers the changing shape of Holocaust memory in the digital age.

In his monograph Holocaust Impiety in Literature, Popular Music and Film (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) he discusses provocative responses to the Holocaust by non-victims, arguing that while such works are often shocking, the value of shock should not be lightly dismissed. Drawing on the philosopher Gillian Rose’s criticisms of what she termed ‘Holocaust piety’ and its claim that the only possible response to the Holocaust is a respectful silence, the book considers how irreverent works of fiction play an important role in shaping our contemporary understanding of the Holocaust and also ourselves.

Other research interests include the globalisation of Holocaust memory and the ways in which difficult pasts are remembered around the world. He leads an international network on Transnational Holocaust Memory, whose inaugural conference featured leading scholars from the USA, Europe and Africa. He is involved in an ongoing collaboration with the South African Holocaust and Genocide Foundation, funded by the AHRC and the British Academy, that considers the relationship between the Holocaust and traumatic histories such as apartheid.

Kara Critchell is a Research Assistant, and Early Career Researcher, based in the Centre for German-Jewish Studies at the University of Sussex. She holds an MA in Jewish History and Culture from the University of Southampton and gained her PhD at the University of Winchester in 2014 after being awarded an AHRC scholarship.

Her research interests focus on representations of the Holocaust and genocide in education, the cultural construct of the Jewish immigrant in the twentieth century and issues of gender within the context of political violence. She has recently begun conducting research into the representation of, and engagement with, perpetrators of genocide within education, British society and culture and wider British memory.

She is a member of the British Association for Holocaust Studies (BAHS), the International Network of Genocide Scholars (INoGS) and was a co-organiser of the international conference “Encountering Perpetrators of Mass Killings, Political Violence and Genocide” held at the University of Winchester in 2015. She is a founding member of the Perpetrator Studies Network.

Christopher P Davey is a PhD researcher in Peace Studies at the University of Bradford. His current research seeks to examine the narratives and fluidity of identities in genocide, focusing on the destruction of Rwandan refugees during the Congolese War of Liberation from 1996 to 1997. This research aims to contribute to how we frame actors in multiple cases of genocide, and offer another case study of post-colonial genocide in Africa. He occasionally teaches for both the University of Leeds and the University Bradford. Current research interests also include legacies of British empire and genocide.

Previously he has taught with Utah Valley University’s Peace and Justice Studies Programme. Chris’ MA dissertation at Kingston University’s Human Rights and Genocide Studies Programme, ‘Fighting Atrocity: Rethinking the Connections between Gross Violations, Civil Resistance and Intervention’, was published in the 2015 anthology Global Perspectives on the Holocaust: History, Identity and Legacy. He has published various book reviews on the topics of genocide, identity and African studies. His essay “The Congo and Its Rock” was published online as part of the second Amani Itakuya essay series on contemporary Congo. He is a member of the International Network of Genocide Scholars (INoGS), and the Congo Research Network.

Chris was an Associate Research Fellow (2015-2016) at the John and Elnora Ferguson Centre for African Studies, where he was editor-in-chief for the blog Debitores Sumus. This site publishes a variety of academic and practitioner posts to an international audience. He continues to write for his own blog on topics around mass violence, peace and belief.

Website: http://chrispdavey.blogspot.co.uk/

Jennifer Philippa Eggert is a Doctoral Research Fellow/PhD Candidate at the Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Warwick. Jennifer’s doctoral research focuses on female members of the militias operating during the Lebanese Civil War, but she has also published on women fighters in IS and Al-Qaeda in Iraq. Jennifer speaks regularly on women and extremism, the prevention of terrorism, and intercultural relations, to both academic and non-academic audiences. She has several years of work experience in the fields of counter-extremism, intercultural dialogue, international youth work and civic education in the Middle East, South Eastern and Western Europe as well as South Asia. Her research has informed counter-extremism and community engagement workshops and trainings which she conducts in her free-time.

Jennifer holds an MSc in Comparative Politics/Conflict Studies from the London School of Economics and Political Sciences (LSE), a BA in Social and Cultural Sciences from the European University Viadrina in Frankfurt (Oder), Germany and a certificate for practitioners in civil, non-violent conflict management. During her BA, she also spent one year studying Social and Political sciences at Sciences Po Paris.

Jennifer tweets as @j_p_eggert. More details on her research can be found on her website: warwick.ac.uk/jpeggert.

Patrick Finney is a Reader in International History in the Department of International Politics, Aberystwyth University, UK. He has wide-ranging research interests in the collective memory of conflict, especially of the Second World War. His last monograph was entitled Remembering the Road to World War Two: International History, National Identity, Collective Memory, (Routledge, 2010), and explored the intersections between history writing on the origins of the Second World War and broader discourses of collective memory. He is currently completing another monograph entitled How the Second World War Still Shapes Our Lives, a global, transnational and comparative study of the cultural memory of that conflict since the end of the Cold War.

Other projects in progress include an edited volume Remembering the Second World War for the Routledge series ‘Remembering the Modern World’, which should appear towards the end of 2016, and a guest-edited theme issue for the journal Rethinking History on ‘Authenticity’, scheduled for 2017. These volumes will feed into a next major project exploring the problematic of authenticity in relation to contemporary Second World War cultural memory, provisionally entitled ‘Politics and Technologies of Authenticity: The Second World War at the Close of Living Memory’.
Amongst a wide range of other publications, he guest edited a journal theme issue on the work of Vasily Grossman in 2013, which included his co-written piece ‘”It is a terrible thing to condemn even a terrible man”: Vasily Grossman on judging perpetrators’, Journal of European Studies 43 (4) pp. 344-356.

Mary Fulbrook, FBA, is Professor of German History and Dean of the Faculty of Social and Historical Sciences, UCL. Recent publications include A Small Town near Auschwitz: Ordinary Nazis and the Holocaust (OUP, 2012) and Dissonant Lives: Generations and Violence through the German Dictatorships (OUP, 2011). Previous books include The People’s State: East German Society from Hitler to Honecker (Yale UP, 2005); Anatomy of a Dictatorship: Inside the GDR, 1949-89 (OUP, 1995); Historical Theory (Routledge, 2002); German National Identity after the Holocaust (Polity, 1999); and general overviews of German history. Her most recent work is on Reckonings: Legacies of Nazi Persecution (OUP, forthcoming 2017), arising from an AHRC-funded collaborative project on ‘Reverberations of War in Germany and Europe since 1945’.

Nicki Hitchcott is Professor in French at the University of St Andrews. She is currently working on two projects about the 1994 Genocide Against the Tutsi in Rwanda. The first analyzes fictional responses to the genocide. One of the outputs of this project has been a book entitled Rwanda Genocide Stories: Fiction After 1994, published by Liverpool University Press. The research for this book was funded by a 12-month Research Fellowship from the Leverhulme Trust. The second project, Rwandan Stories of Change, is a 36-month research project funded by the UK’s Arts and Humanities Research Council. Working in partnership with NGO, The Aegis Trust, and the Kigali-based Genocide Archive of Rwanda, the project looks for evidence of post-traumatic growth in testimonies from survivors and perpetrators of the Rwanda genocide.
Website: https://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/modlangs/people/french/hitchcott/
Twitter: @RwandanSOChange

Sara Jones is a Senior Research Fellow and Lecturer at the University of Birmingham (UK). She holds a PhD in German Studies from the University of Nottingham (2009) and has previously worked at the Universities of Nottingham, Bath and Bristol. Her research and teaching focuses on cultural politics under state socialism and memory studies in German and European contexts. She is particularly interested in the ways in which memory narratives are mediated in different cultural forms, the relationship between memory and transitional justice, and processes of remembering across national borders. In her teaching, she encourages students to engage with different perspectives on the past, including those of the perpetrators of state violence, and to consider the ethical questions surrounding such engagement.

Sara is currently working on two research projects. The first explores the relationship between cultural forms of testimony and symbolic or restorative justice in diverse global contexts. The second examines the ways in which European memory entrepreneurs collaborate across borders to create memory narratives that might challenge those dominant in national memory cultures. She has published several articles and book chapters on the history and memory of state socialism and is author of two monographs on these topics: Complicity, Censorship and Criticism: Negotiating Space in the GDR Literary Sphere (de Gruyter, 2011) and The Media of Testimony: Remembering the East German Stasi in the Berlin Republic (2014).

Gabriel Koureas is Senior Lecturer in Visual and Material Culture from the late 19th century to the present day at the department of History of Art, School of Arts, Birkbeck. He holds a PhD in the History of Art from Birkbeck (2004). His research and publications concentrate on the following areas:

Representations of masculinity, conflict, memory, trauma, commemoration, sites of memory and museums; the visual and material culture of reconciliation; the intersections of visual culture with other senses in representations of memory and trauma; representations of terrorism in visual culture and museums in the 20th century; the visual culture of the Middle East.

His publications include: Memory, Masculinity and National Identity in British Visual Culture, 1914-1930, (Routledge, 2007); Art, History and the Senses, 1830 to the Present (Routledge, 2010) co-edited with Patrizia di Bello; Terrorist Transgressions: Gendered Representations of the Terrorist, (IB Tauris, 2014) co-edited with Sue Malvern; ‘Recirculating Images of the “terrorist” in postcolonial museums: The case of the National Museum of Struggle in Nicosia, Cyprus’, in A.E. Coombes and R. Phillips (eds), The International Handbooks of Museum Studies: Museum Transformations, (Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 2015), pp. 113-132; and ‘Competing Masculinities in the Museum Space: Terrorists, Machines and Mangled Metal’ in S. Malvern and G. Koureas (eds.), Terrorist Transgressions: Gendered Representations of the Terrorist, (London: IB Tauris, 2014), pp.125-136.

He successfully completed an Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) Networking Grant in collaboration with Reading University and Sandhurst Military Academy which investigated how the terrorist has been represented in the visual arts, film, photography and the media. Stemming from his research on terrorism he curated the exhibition ‘Mangled Metal’ (June – August 2015) in collaboration with the Peltz Gallery artist in residence John Timberlake which concentrated on the memory of ‘small wars’ and Britain as the perpetrating nation. He is currently completing an essay on the representation of the perpetrator in the Imperial War Museum (London).

Eleonora Natale is a PhD candidate in Politics and International Relations at Keele University (UK), She earned her MA degree in International Politics and Human Rights at Universitá di Torino (Italy), and studied at Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona and Universidad de San Martín (Argentina), where she enhanced her knowledge in Ethnography and Latin American politics. In 2015/16 she conducted an ethnographic study with Argentine military families about their memory of the political violence in the Seventies, and their experience of judicial prosecution in current democratic times. Her research interests include Armed Forces, Military Families, Kinship and Memory, Ethnography, Representations of Violence, Oral History, Nationalism and Political Violence, Terrorism and Counter-terrorism, the Falklands/Malvinas War.

Emiliano Perra (BA Bologna; MA/PhD Bristol) is Senior Lecturer in Modern European History at the University of Winchester (UK). He specialises in the memory and representation of the Holocaust and genocide, with a particular focus on films and television. He is currently working on a transnational history of genocide representations in films.

He is author of Conflicts of Memory: The Reception of Holocaust Films and TV Programmes in Italy: 1945 to the Present (2010) and of several articles in edited books and journals, including among others Holocaust and Genocide Studies, The Italianist and Memory Studies. He was recipient of the Rome Fellowship at the British School at Rome and of the AHRC doctoral studentships. He has co-organised the international conferences “Encountering Perpetrators of Mass Killings, Political Violence and Genocide” (University of Winchester, 2015) and “The Future of Holocaust Studies” (Universities of Southampton and Winchester, 2013).

He is Fellow of the Royal Historical Society (RHS) and member of the International Network of Genocide Scholars (INoGS), International Association of Genocide Scholars (IAGS), British Association for Holocaust Studies (BAHS), International Association for Media and History (IAMHIST), Società Italiana per lo Studio della Storia Contemporanea (SISSCO), and the Society for Italian Studies (SIS). He is a founding member of the Perpetrator Studies Network.

Diana Popescu is a Research Fellow at the Pears Institute for the Study of Antisemitism, Birkbeck, University of London. She holds a PhD in Holocaust studies (University of Southampton, James Parkes Institute for the study of Jewish non-Jewish relations), an MA in Jewish History and Culture (Southampton), and a BA in English and Jewish studies (University of Bucharest). Her research interests are connected to the study of the manifold cultural, social and national impacts and reverberations of the cataclysmic events of World War II and of the Holocaust. She has researched issues related to audience reception of Holocaust artistic representations, public memory and memorialization of the Holocaust, and its representation in the visual arts and in contemporary museums.

Her PhD thesis explored representations of the Nazi perpetrators in visual art in the 1990s-2000s and the ensuing debates about perpetrator memory among Jewish communities. Her current research project investigates audience reception of public commemorations of the Holocaust which invite a higher degree of participation in acts of remembering the past. This research aims to shed light on the social impact of performative practices of commemoration and the possibilities or limitations in relation to keeping the memory of the Holocaust alive. This project is co-led with Dr Tanja Schult (Stockholm University) and funded by the Swedish Research Council.

She has coedited Revisiting Holocaust Representation in the Post-witness Era (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015), and has authored articles in various academic journals in the field of memory and Holocaust studies. She co-organised with Dr Tanja Schult the conference “Holocaust Representation at the Turn of the Millennium” (Uppsala, 2013) and “Performative Practices of Painful Pasts” (Stockholm, 2016). She acted as reviewer for the academic journal Holocaust Studies, and currently is in the process of editing a special issue for this journal, provisionally titled Performative Holocaust Memory: Interactivity and Participation in Contemporary Memorialization planned to appear in 2018.

Lorraine Ryan is a Birmingham fellow (research-focused lecturer) in the Department of Hispanic studies, University of Birmingham, UK. She has published over thirty articles in prestigious peer-reviewed journals and edited collections. Her book, Memory and Spatiality in Postmillennial Spanish Narrative, was published in the Ashgate New Hispanisms series in 2014. She is currently researching the perpetrator figure in Spanish narrative as well as preparing a monograph on the Spanish writer, Almudena Grandes.

Sanna Stegmaier is a PhD student at the German Department at King’s College London and the Humboldt University Berlin. She holds degrees in Theatre, Film and Media Studies as well as in Comparative Literature from the University of Vienna. Funded by the London Arts and Humanities Partnership, her research project focuses on the representation of Holocaust memory in the digital age. Looking at gothic motifs such as phantoms, doppelganger effects and other uncanny apparitions in Austrian, German and US fiction since 2001, the project scrutinises these tropes in regard to the question of how concepts of perpetrators and victims get transmitted beyond generational and national borders.


Maayan Armelin is a Claims Conference fellow and a second year doctoral student at the Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Clark University. She earned her MA in social psychology from the University of Haifa. Her master’s thesis measured perceptions of humanness and similarity as facilitators of participants’ aggressive behavior. Armelin served as a research assistant at the Strochlitz Institute for Holocaust Studies at the University of Haifa and was secretary of the editorial board of the academic journal Dapim: Studies on the Holocaust.
Her dissertation will examine the social dynamics and leadership styles of the SS-Einsatzgruppen while committing mass murder, as factors that shaped the behavior of Nazi perpetrators, and of face-to-face genocide perpetrators.

Paul R. Bartrop is an award-winning scholar of the Holocaust and of genocide. He is Professor of History and Director of the Center for Judaic, Holocaust and Genocide Studies at Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, Florida. His major current projects are: Resisting the Holocaust: Upstanders, Partisans, and Survivors, and a 4-volume encyclopedia of the Holocaust, entitled The Holocaust: The Definitive Resource and Document Collection.

His published works include Modern Genocide: The Definitive Resource and Document Collection (4 volumes, 2015); Encountering Genocide: Personal Accounts from Victims, Perpetrators, and Witnesses (2014); Genocide: The Basics (2014); and An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Genocide Biography: Portraits of Evil and Good (2012), which was awarded recognition by Choice as “Outstanding Academic Title 2013.” He is a past member of the Editorial Advisory Board of the international journal Genocide Studies and Prevention; is a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of the journal Holocaust and Genocide Studies; a member of the Advisory Board of the Genocide Education Project, California; and senior consultant of the Jewish Holocaust Centre, Melbourne. He is currently Vice-President of the Midwest Jewish Studies Association, and is a past President of the Australian Association of Jewish Studies.

Website: http://www.fgcu.edu/hc/

Benedetta Carnaghi is a PhD student in History at Cornell University, where she focuses on Modern Italian, French, and German History. She holds a BA in History from the University of Padua and the Galilean School of Higher Education, in Italy and an MA in History of International Relations from the École normale supérieure and the Université Paris 1 – Panthéon-Sorbonne, in Paris. Her dissertation project is a comparative history of double agents in the Fascist secret police, called OVRA, and its Nazi counterpart, the Gestapo. Her time frame is from 1927 (the genesis of the OVRA) to 1945 (the end of the Second World War). OVRA agents tracked down the so-called “subversives,” all opponents to the Fascist regime, who were registered with the “Casellario Politico Centrale,” an office of the general direction of the Italian Public Security. Gestapo agents infiltrated the Resistance networks in German-occupied countries and succeeded in arresting a large number of underground militants as well as the airmen and allied soldiers the Resistance fighters tried to hide.
Her research interests also include the history of Resistance, the Holocaust, gender studies, political violence, and terror.

Website: https://cornell.academia.edu/BenedettaCarnaghi

William Harman recently retired after teaching and doing research for 22 years at DePauw University and for 12 years at the University of Tennessee. His scholarship includes 32 articles and chapters, and 2 books, and focuses on Tamil Hindu religious literature, temples, festivities, and goddesses. He lately turned his interest to religion and violence, with an emphasis on the Tamil Tiger rebellion in Sri Lanka. Current publication activities include editing and writing articles on ferocious and benevolent goddesses for the journal Nidan: International Journal for the Study of Hinduism and research on the fate of Tamil religion and culture in a post civil war Sri Lanka.

Erin McGlothlin is Associate Professor of German and Jewish Studies at Washington University in St. Louis. Her research interests include Holocaust literature and film, German-Jewish literature, the graphic novel, autobiography and narrative theory. She is the author of Second-Generation Holocaust Literature: Legacies of Survival and Perpetration (2006) and co-editor of two volumes: After the Digital Divide?: German Aesthetic Theory in the Age of New Digital Media (with Lutz Koepnick, 2009) and Persistent Legacy: The Holocaust and German Studies (with Jennifer Kapczynski, 2016). Additionally, she has published articles in major journals and edited volumes on fictional and non-fictional works of Holocaust literature and film and German-Jewish literature.
She is currently working on a book titled Constructing the Mind of the Holocaust Perpetrator in Fictional and Documentary Discourse (under advance contract with Northwestern University Press) and is co-editing with Brad Prager and Markus Zisselsberger The Invention of Testimony: Claude Lanzmann’s Shoah in the Twenty-First Century.

Erin McGlothlin’s recent work in the area of perpetrator studies include:

  • “Empathic Identification and the Mind of the Holocaust Perpetrator in Fiction: A Proposed Taxonomy of Response.” Narrative 24.3 (2016): 251-276.
  • “The Voice of the Perpetrator, the Voices of the Survivors.” Persistent Legacy: The Holocaust and German Studies Ed. Erin McGlothlin and Jennifer Kapczynski. Rochester, NY: Camden House, 2016: 33-53.
  • “Narrative Perspective and the Holocaust Perpetrator in Edgar Hilsenrath’s The Nazi and the Barber and Jonathan Littell’s The Kindly Ones.” The Bloomsbury Companion to Holocaust Literature. Ed. Jenni Adams. London: Bloomsbury, 2014: 159-177.
  • “Theorizing the Perpetrator in Bernhard Schlink’s The Reader and Martin Amis’s Time’s Arrow.” After Representation? The Holocaust, Literature, and Culture. Ed. R. Clifton Spargo and Robert Ehrenreich. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 2009: 210-230.


Mihai Poliec is a PhD Candidate in Holocaust History at Clark University in Worcester, Massachusetts. In his doctoral dissertation, Civil Society’s Complicity during the Holocaust in Romania, he examines the participation of civilians in anti-Jewish violence in Bessarabia and Bukovina between July 1941 and August 1944. Poliec earned a Bachelor’s in Psychology and a Master’s in Judaic Studies from the University of Bucharest. He has also studied Judaism and the Holocaust in Israel, at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and in Sweden, at Paideia: The European Institute for Jewish Studies.

Brad Prager is Professor of German and Film Studies at the University of Missouri. He is the author, most recently, of After the Fact: The Holocaust in Twenty-First Century Documentary Film (New York: Bloomsbury, 2015), which deals with documentary representations of the Holocaust in the wake of canonical films such as Night and Fog and Shoah. His latest research deals with the representation of Holocaust atrocities in German nonfiction film.

Prof. Prager is the co-editor of a volume on Visual Studies and the Holocaust entitled Visualizing the Holocaust: Documents, Aesthetics, Memory (Camden House, 2008), and he is currently working, together with Erin McGlothlin and Markus Zisselsberger, on an edited collection dealing with the many hours of outtakes from Claude Lanzmann’s Shoah. He has been a DAAD Guest Professor at the University of Paderborn and a Gastdozent in the Program in Literature and Media at the Otto-Friedrich-Universität in Bamberg. He serves on the editorial board of New German Critique and is the co-editor of the book series Dialogue and Disjunction: Studies in Jewish German Writing and Thought.

Website: https://grs.missouri.edu/people/prager

Ana Ros is Associate Professor in Romance Languages and Comparative Literature at Binghamton University. She is interested in the study of Latin American history, society, and cultural production. Her research focuses on collective memory and civic-military relations in post dictatorial Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. Her first book, The Post-dictatorship Generation in Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay. Collective Memory and Cultural Production (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) examines how different groups remember the dictatorial past in these three countries. More precisely, it illuminates how different narratives about the past interact in the public and private spheres, and how the younger generations reshape them in an attempt to better understand the present. Ana Ros’ second book project explores how the recent cultural production in Argentina, Chile, and Uruguay deals with challenging civilian-military relations in the ongoing processes of democratic consolidation.

Her research has been published in national and international journals, including: “Los otros con armas. Las complicadas relaciones cívico militares en el Chile de posdictadura.” A contracorriente. Revista de historia social y literatura de América Latina, Vol 14, Issue 2, (February 2017): 17-42; “Hijos y nietos de Pinochet: recordando el presente del golpe.” Revista de estudios sobre genocidio (December 2014): 51-76; “Los topos de Félix Bruzzone: Travestis y traidores contra la realización simbólica del genocidio en Argentina.” Confluencia. Revista hispánica de cultura y literatura, Vol. 29.2 (2014): 92-105 and “Forgiveness and Reconciliation as Generational Questions, Argentina 1982-2011.” Dissidences: Hispanic Journal of Theory and Criticism, 4.8 (2012). She has also published contributions to several edited volumes, among them “Ruth Irupé Sanabria: La poesía militante como forma de habitar el desarraigo.” In Lior Zylberman and Liliana Feierstein (eds.) Narrativas del terror y la desaparición. Buenos Aires: Universidad Nacional Tres de Febrero, April 2016. 239-252; “Félix Bruzzone’s Narrative in Post-conflict Argentina.” Trans. Mariana Grajales. In Matthew McGuire and Chris Andrews (eds.) Post-conflict Literature. New York: Routledge, March 2016. 147-163 and “El documental político y la generación de posdictadura en Uruguay”. Trans. María Paz Maza and Domingo Palma Moya. In Antonio Traverso (ed.) El documental político en Latinoamérica. Santiago de Chile: LOM Editores, October 2015. 163-183.

Kelsey Utne is a PhD student in History at Cornell University, where she focuses on public history, commemoration, and memory in Modern South Asia. She holds a BA/BS in History and Political Science from Salem State University and an MA in South Asian Studies from the University of Washington in Seattle. Her MA research focused on digital Partition oral history initiatives rooted in diaspora communities, and examined the process of archive creation and its role in the memorialization of the trauma of Partition experiences. She is particularly interested in the production of memorials and museum exhibits commemorating nationalist movements in colonial and post-colonial India and Pakistan.