Perpetrator Studies Network


European Fascist Movements: A Sourcebook

Edited by Roland Clark, Tim Grady.

This volume offers a fresh and original collection of primary sources on interwar European fascist movements. These sources reflect new approaches to fascism that emphasise the practical, transnational experience of fascism as a social movement, contextualising ideological statements within the historical moments they were produced.

Divided into 18 geographically based chapters, contributors draw together the history of various fascist and right-wing movements, selecting sources that reflect themes such as transnational ties, aesthetics, violence, female activism, and the instrumentalisation of race, gender, and religion. Each chapter provides a chronological, narrative account of movements interspersed with complete primary sources, from political speeches, internal movement circulars and articles, police reports, oral history, songs and music, photographs, artworks, poetry, and anti-fascist sources. The volume as a whole seeks to introduce readers to the diversity of fascist groups across the continent, to show how fascist groups were constituted through social bonds, rather than around fixed ideologies, and to capture the inexperience and ad hoc character of early fascist groups.

With an Introduction that explains the volume’s theoretical approach and elaborates on the chronology of European fascism, this is the perfect sourcebook for any student of Modern European history and politics.


Roland Clark is a Reader in Modern European History at the University of Liverpool. He is the author of Holy Legionary Youth(2015) and Sectarianism and Renewal in 1920s Romania (2021) as well as numerous articles and book chapters. His research interests include fascism, social movements, antisemitism, the Holocaust, and religion.

Tim Grady is Professor of Modern European History at the University of Chester. His most recent book is A Deadly Legacy: German Jews and the Great War (2017). His research focusses on war, memory, and the contested legacies of conflict.

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